A fingerprint in its narrowest sense is an impression left by the friction ridges of a human finger.
Fingerprint detection is now rapidly becoming an important part of crime detection. But when and where was the first fingerprint bureau established?
World’s first fingerprint bureau was established in Calcutta (now Kolkata) in 1897.
The Council of Governor General of India approved a committee report that fingerprints should be used for classification of criminal cases.
This led to the creation of world’s first Anthropometric Bureau.
This new bureau had two experts named Azizul Haque and Hem Chandra Bose who were credited with the primary development of a fingerprint classification system.
The system was eventually named after their supervisor, Sir E.R Henry.
The Henry Classification System, co-devised by Haque and Bose, was accepted in England and Wales when first Fingerprint Bureau was established in Scotland Yard in London.
Meanwhile, in 1895, a provincial fingerprint bureau was established in Chennai and in 1898, the first national fingerprint bureau in the world was established in Calcutta.
Thanks to Haque and Bose, crime solving has really become easier and more efficient.