India is a country under construction. Much has been done since the time the British left the country 70 years ago and much still needs to be done. It has some of the finest infrastructures in the world, yet it requires plenty more to set things in order and sort the pile of a mess it is in.
As a nation, India has progressed significantly from being incredibly broken a century ago and with each passing day, it is only getting better. While what we have achieved as a country in the last 70 years can be discussed another day, this article is a glimpse of what we are going to achieve in the coming few years that will have huge impacts on our economy, our lifestyles, as well as our reputation in the midst of the powerful countries.
Here are 7 upcoming huge infrastructural projects in India that are going to change the face of the country forever.
Bharatmala is one of the biggest infrastructural projects in the history of the country undertaken by the government of India, the work on which is scheduled to commence by the end of 2018 and the project is expected to be completed by 2022.
In the first phase, the project aims to build a network of about 35,000 km of roads across India spending about Rs 5.35 lakh crore, and in Phase II, another more than 30,000 km of roads are expected to be created. This will connect most of the states in the country including the crucial northeastern states, making transport quick, efficient and bringing the cost of goods down beside creating about 22 million employment opportunities.
Originally conceived by the Vajpayee government in 2003, Sagarmala is yet another mammoth project aimed to impact the economic growth of the country in the long run. Some experts even estimate that on completion, the project can boost up the GDP of the country up to 2%.
It aims to modernize the 12 major ports and 185 minor ports of India along the coastline that stretches over 7500 km. The other aspects of the project include improved road and rail connectivity to the ports to create an easy and fast movement of goods, enable port-led industrialization, bring down the logistics costs by over 35,000 crore each year as well as creating 10 million new jobs in the country. It is expected to get completed by 2022 and is expected to cost Rs 4 lakh crore.
3. Freight-only railway tracks
As of now, trains carrying passengers as well as goods run on the same track mostly, but with the introduction of dedicated freight corridors, it is going to solve many problems at once.
India, being the country with the third largest rail network and fourth largest carrier of freights, is heavily dependent on railways and since both types of trains run on the same tracks, often it creates unnecessary delays of passenger trains, the freight trains cannot run on high speed and there are lesser trains on the tracks than needed.
The new more than 3300 km dedicated tracks will enable the trains to carry 2.5 times more goods than they carry now and can travel at thrice the speed they do currently, reducing dependence on trucks heavily as well as this will improve the safety of the passengers besides preventing train delays. The project is expected to get completed by 2020.
4. World One Tower
When completed, the tower which is under construction in Mumbai will place India among the countries having the tallest buildings in the world. To be precise, the super tall building will become the tallest residential skyscraper in the world. It is expected to get completed in the year 2019.
Built at a cost of 321 million USD by the Lodha Group, the tower will have 117 storey and 290 apartments, the cost of which is set be about 15 crore each.
At 442 meter in height, this will be, besides being the tallest residential tower in the world, also the 21st tallest building in the world and much taller than New York’s famous Empire State Building.
5. International North-South Trade Corridor
Presently, the route India takes to reach Europe and Russia for trade is through the ship and via the Rotterdam Port, Netherlands. But with this new corridor in place, the same destination will take 40% less distance to cover.
The new 72,000 km route will include shipping from Mumbai to Bandar Abbas Port, Iran, and from where the goods will be carried via roads and railways to Russia and beyond, making trade quicker and cheaper. It is estimated that with the new route, the distance would be covered in just 25 days instead of 40 days that it takes now.
Also, this will open new markets for India in Central Asia as 11 more countries (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bulgaria, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Oman, Syria, Tajikistan, Turkey, and Ukraine) are now part of the project. This will also give a major boost to India-Russia ties.
6. Statue of Unity
The Statue of Unity, when it gets completed by the end of 2018, will be the tallest statue in the world. The statue of Sardar Patel, who was instrumental in uniting more than 500 princely states into the present day India, will be 182 meters in height, surpassing China’s Spring Temple Buddha which is 153 meters and presently holds the record of being the tallest statue in the world.
It is under construction on the river island of Sadhu Bet near Vadodara in Gujrat and is going to cost a total of nearly Rs 3,000 crores. The statue will have a museum focused on the life of Sardar Patel and a viewing gallery at 500 feet, overlooking the spectacular view of Sardar Sarovar Dam, Satpura, and Vindhyachal mountain ranges. The gallery will be able to accommodate 200 people at once.
The work on the project had begun in the year 2013 and it is scheduled to be inaugurated on 31 October 2018 on the occasion of the 138th birth anniversary of the ‘Iron Man of India’.
7. Bullet Train
Though much can be said against the ongoing and perhaps the most awaited infrastructural project in the country in the present context, it is but going to bring a new dawn in the sphere of high-speed trains in India.
Scheduled to get completed by the year 2023, the cost of the corridor that would connect Gujarat’s Ahmedabad and the economic hub of India Mumbai is estimated to be about Rs 1.1 lakh crore of which Japanese International Cooperation Agency has agreed to fund 81% in the form of a loan to be repaid in 50 years at an interest rate of 0.1%.
When it gets completed, the distance between Ahmedabad and Mumbai, which now takes about 7 hours will be reduced to 2 hours and 8 minutes. The trains, which would be able to carry about 1,600 passengers at a time, will be able to run at the highest speed of 350 km/hr. The proposed fare for a trip is estimated to be about Rs 3,000 per passenger.