Geography is quite interesting, if you only try to understand it. Often you will come across things that have the capacity to leave you spellbound. For example, did you know that Mount Everest is technically NOT the highest mountain in the world? If measured from the sea level, Mauna Kea of Hawaii is the tallest in the world and beats Mt. Everest by 4,436 feet.
Here are 19 geographical facts that will keep you mesmerised.
1. The Dead Sea is sinking at about one meter per year and is currently 429 meters below the sea level.
2. There is a fence in Australia which is around 3,500 miles.
That’s double the length of border India shares with its neighbour Nepal. Unbelievable, right?
3. Russia is so big that there are 11 time zones.
Which means that if at one part of the country is 7 am, there is another part of the same country where it is 6 pm.
4. Russia is 115 times bigger than the size of Bangladesh but still it has 10 million people lesser than the puny country.
5. Russia’s surface area alone is larger than the surface area of dwarf planet Pluto.
6. Three earthquakes measuring about 8 in richter scale that occurred during 1811 and 1812 caused the Mississippi river to flow backwards.
7. You think super moon is huge? Australia is actually wider than moon.
Australia stretches about 2,485 miles while the diameter of moon is around 2,100 miles.
8. More than half of the world’s population lives in India, China and a few other Southeast Asian countries leaving the other less than half to inhabit the entire earth.
9. Pheasant Island on river Bidasoa on the border of France and Spain is a part of France for six months and a part of Spain for the next six months.
The island is forbidden to be accessed. However, people from both the countries are allowed to fish there when it becomes the part of their respective countries.
10. There are no bridges across the most famous and biggest river of the world, Amazon.
11. There is a hill in New Zealand that has 85 letters in its name: Taumatawhakatangihangak oauauotamateaturipukaka pikimaungahoronukupokaiwhe nua kitanatahu.
It is possibly the longest named hill in the word.
12. The shortest name of a place is called ‘A’, which means river in Scandinavian language.
The road signs around the place are often stolen because people see them as novelties and thus are needed to be frequently replaced.
13. Hans Island, which is 1.3 square kilometres in size, is an island over which both Canada and Denmark claims ownership with both the countries having a unique way to fight over it.
Whenever a crew of Canada lands on the island, they plant Canadian flag on it and remove the Danish flag and leave bottles of liquor. Similarly, when Danish crew lands on it, they remove the Canadian flag and replace it with a Danish flag and leaves bottles of liquor for the Canadians. Now folks, that’s the proper way to go on war.
14. Japan’s former capital was known as Kyoto.
Yes the current one, Tokyo, is just an anagram of the former one.
15. Er Wang Dong cave in China is so huge that it has its own weather system complete with flimsy clouds and lingering mist inside the cave.
16. Vatican City and San Marino are two countries that are completely inside Italy.
17. Most people get confused, but United Kingdom is just not England.
It comprises of four countries: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.
18. At one point in prehistory, all the land masses in the world used to be one giant continent called Pangaea and all the oceans as one super-ocean called Panthalassa.
19. At another point of history, India was nowhere in the picture of Asia, it was somewhere down the Indian Ocean.
But it gradually came up and collided against Asia, becoming a part of it and forming the Himalayas as a result of the collision.