1. Classical music is mainly divided into Carnatic music, which was found in peninsular region, and Hindustani music, which originated in the eastern, northern and central regions.
2. The tonal system of classical music is roughly divided into twenty two segments called the shrutis (microtones).
They are not exactly but roughly equal to one quarter of a whole tone of western music.
3. Hindustani music deviated from Carnatic music around 13th _ 14th century AD.
It was largely influenced by the Indian musical traditions, historical Vedic philosophy, native Indian sounds and the Persian performances practiced by the Mughals.
4. Carnatic music is believed to have originated in the south Indian state of Karnataka because of its improvised variations and fixed compositions.
5. There are about 7.2 million ragas in Carnatic music and around 300 still in use today.
6. Rabindra Sangeet or the music of Bengal are basically written and composed by Kaviguru and Ravindranath Tagore who are believed to have written 2,000 songs in Bengali using Indian classical and folk songs as sources.
7. The lavani is a most popular form of dance and music practiced all around Maharashtra and is often regarded as Maharastrian folk music.
Originating from the arid region of Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh, lavani is practiced with enthusiasm, rhythm and the enchanting beats of a drum called the dolaki.
8. Bihu songs from Assam are energetic songs created using unique beats produced from traditional drums and wind instruments.
9. Dandiya or the rass is a traditional dance from Gujarat that is derived from the traditional folk songs of India.
There is a similar type of dance and song associated with garba.
10. Due to various struggles faced by Indians, there were various protest songs written in this country which later came to be known as ‘Ganasangeet’.
Ganasangeet is basically singing songs in chorus that honor patriotism, strength, freedom and carry a social message.
11. Rajasthani music is enriched with local flavors with instruments like shehnai, been, dhols, algoza, poongi, bankia and various wind instruments.
12. Film music is the biggest form of popular Indian music that contributes to 72% of total music sales in India.
Film music has taken inspiration from western music culture with harmony to maintain the Indian melodies and a little of folk flavor.
13. Indian pop music is basically an amalgamation of Indian classical and folk music with beats influenced from western regions.
Pop music plays an interesting role in remixing old hit songs with some new beats added to them.
14. Raga rock is rock or pop music with a heavy Indian influence in either of its parts and combinations.
Raga and other forms of music influenced rock music.
15. Indian hip hop music originated in the 1990s and Baba Sehgal became the first person to rap in the country.
Now there are various improvements and variations seen in India, with more than 2,000 rappers in different languages like Hindi, English, Punjabi, and Bhojpuri.