Ever since humans triumphed the moon, aspirations built and gave way to the desire to reach Mars. Humans have constantly been striving to make their dreams of a journey to the red planet a reality. Countless researchers, entities and individuals are constantly conducting research on travel to Mars. But like most other space expeditions, this too is not an easy feat. Travel to Mars was always filled with major health concerns for the astronauts who make the journey.
In fact, any long-term travel in space is bound to have adverse effects on the astronauts. And a recent study by NASA has revealed that travel to Mars will be a gut-wrenching experience for astronauts, literally!
The study raised many red flags on the possibilities of humanity’s journey to Mars. Under the study, researchers exposed mice to bombardments of radiations. These radiations were similar to those that humans would experience under long-term space journeys.
The study showed that the radiation could damage the gastrointestinal tissues leading to long-term changes. The exposure also puts astronauts at a greater risk of developing tumours in their colon and stomach.
This is what Kamal Datta, a senior scientist at Georgetown University Medical Centre and NASA reportedly said:
“Heavy ions such as iron and silicon are damaging because of their greater mass compared to no-mass photons such as x-rays and gamma (γ)-rays prevalent on earth as well as low mass protons in outer space.”
He further said this about long space journeys like travel to Mars:
“While short trips, like the times astronauts travelled to the Moon, may not expose them to this level of damage, the real concern is a lasting injury from a long trip such as a Mars or other deep space missions which would be much longer.”
Even before this, there have been studies that prove such journeys into space can lead to serious brain damage in humans. Not only that, but it can also cause premature ageing in those who make the journeys.
After knowing all this, would you be up for travelling to Mars? Do let us know.