Up until today, if you were asked to select a list of top 10 unforgettable days of history stuck in the time capsule, then what would it comprise? Well, we don’t think that a pick of just 10 days will be a proper justification with our monolithic history. However, we’ve listed some defining moments of our past but choose wisely because even a single day, a single event is enough to throw exceeding light on the meaning of history. A person, a philosophy, a battle, a birth or a death. Decision is yours!
10. October 29, 1929 (Black Tuesday):
Also known as the Wall Street Crash of 1929 or the Great Crash, this devastating stock market failure of “roaring twenties” originated the Great Depression that impacted the industrialized Western countries for almost 12 years. The induction of this economical crisis dates back to December 23, 1913, when Federal Reserve Act was created. Initially, this act stimulated the common investors to borrow money on pocket-size interest rates. Monolithic borrowing of money in the ‘no-brain’ environment popped inflation but the ball was still in the court of Federal Reserve because it was the one and only one institution to handle the economy. In 1929, Fed increased the interest rates due to which the inflow of money was restricted. The market turned down to rise quickly enough and investors began to sell their shares on bootless costs and finally on October 29, 1929, the American stock market collapsed drastically.
9. November 22, 1963 (Assassination of JFK):
November 22, 1963, will be always remembered by the Americans as one of the most notable unforgettable days in their history as it marks the sad demise of their hot-shot President Kennedy. On this day, John F. Kennedy, one of the most adored politician and the 35th president of United States of America was killed in Dallas, Texas, while travelling in his presidential motorcade. In the limousine, JFK was accompanied by wife Jacqueline, Texas governor John Connally and his wife Nellie Connally. At 12:30 p.m, the cheerful atmosphere of crowd was scattered by the horrifying sound of three bullets. President was shot. His motorcade approached the nearest hospital in top speed but till then the surrounding was filled up by the heart-wrenching scream of Jacqueline, where she was shouting at the top of her lungs – “They’ve killed my husband and I’ve his brains in my hand.” JFK was shot by Lee Harvey Oswald, a former U.S. Marine. Oswald Killed the president from the sixth floor of the Texas School Book Depository, using his 6.5 x 52 mm Italian Carcano M91/38 bolt-action rifle.
8. September 5, 1972 (Munich Massacre):
It’s not a big deal to slay innocent civilians. But the thing which matters most is that how do you revert back? This day marks the brutal assassination of eleven members of Israeli Olympic team by Islamic terrorist group, Black September, during the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich. At 4:30 a.m. on September 5, eight Palestinian terrorists entered in the apartment of Israeli athletes. After killing two players, they abducted nine players to meet their demands but in a straight encounter with security forces, remaining nine athletes were also killed along with five terrorists. Later, three terrorists were taken into custody. After this heartrending incident, Israeli intelligence agency, Mossad, initiated the “Operation Wrath of God”, which is considered among deadliest spy missions executed ever. During this operation, the superb agents of Israeli assassination units killed numerous high-profile Palestinian targets as well as numbers of suspected plotters across the Europe.
7. March 23, 1933 (Hitler becomes dictator of Germany):
Demoralize the enemy from within by surprise, terror, sabotage, assassination. This is the war of the future. 66 years have been passed, since this great dictator committed suicide but still his name and act dwells between the general thought of historians. Story of this manipulative daredevil dates back to January 30, 1933, when he was appointed chancellor of Germany by the contemporary president, Paul von Hindenburg. In a horrific act, Reichstag, the national congressional building was set to fire by the communists. Infuriated Fuhrer acquired the 2/3 majority of the assembly to set aside the German constitution and finally on March 23, 1933, he embarked the “Enabling Act”. After the implementation of this act, Hitler was liberated from all constitutive and legislative constraints which started the arena of his ‘legal’ dictatorship.
6. January 30, 1649 (King Charles I executed):
Wondering what the big deal is? Okay. Charles I of England was the first monarch ever to be executed. Ever since his birth, he was unprincipled and arrogant in nature. After the death of his father, James I of England and VI of Scots, he was crowned to ascend the destiny of England but due to his bad decisions and self-righteous nature he became a prick in the eyes of Parliament of England. His marriage with Henrietta Maria, a Catholic princess established him as a controversial religious figure in England. His unethical attempts of religious reformation provoked the Bishops’ Wars and this was enough to enrage the British and Scottish Parliaments. His efforts to override the authority of both parliaments stimulated the English Civil War. Subsequently, King was defeated and charged with high treason. After conviction, he was beheaded in front of banqueting house.
5. The Ides of March:
March 15, 44 BC, is evidently one of the unforgettable days of our history and a disgraceful day for the people of Rome. On this day, Julius Caesar, the master of strategic powerplay was stabbed to death by a group of conspirators in the Theatre of Pompey. Basically, the group of conspirators, Liberatores, was comprising near-about forty Roman senators which was guided by Marcus Junius Brutus and Gaius Cassius Longinus. According to ancient biographers, Caesar’s self-declaration as dictator for life was the biggest reason to turn the Senate against him. However, Caesar met numerous apprehensions before entering in Theatre but from the other end, Brutus consistently stimulated him to approach Senate. Finally the moment came for the conspirators to execute their plan and they struck Caesar for approximately thirty-five times with daggers. Caesar, however, tried to escape but fell down due to multiple stab wounds.
4. February 1, 2003 (Space Shuttle Columbia Disaster):
This day is considered as a better-to-forget event for NASA. With the crew of seven mega-nerds, Columbia space shuttle was returning to earth, after completing a scientific mission of 16 days. The celebration of everything is normal in NASA control room was suddenly switched to something is abnormal after discovering the structure of smoke from the shuttle and within matter of seconds the environment changed into the tendril of dismay. Everything was finished when the mammoth shuttle changed in a fireball and finally disintegrated over Texas. Later, it was revealed in the investigation that from the external fuel tank, a piece of insulating foam was peeled off and due to which the interior of the wing was penetrated by the hot gases. The intense heat destroyed the shuttle’s wing and further became the major cause to ravage the shuttle entirely.
3. June 28, 1914 (Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand):
Apparently, two bullets can change the destiny of world’s history. On the morning of June 28, 1914, Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife Sophie, arrived at Sarajevo station with their companions. On that day, seven assassins were all set to wipe out the Archduke. Franz Ferdinand was on his way to attend his planned program at the town hall but amid the way slayers attempted to kill him by blowing up his car. However, the plan to assassinate him was failed due to indolence of killers but finally, Gavrilo Princip approached Ferdinand’s open car and fired twice with his Belgian-made 9x17mm (.380 ACP) Fabrique Nationale model 1910 semi-automatic pistol. The first bullet penetrated the abdomen of his pregnant wife and second one struck the jugular vein of Archduke. Both died almost instantly. Infuriated by heir’s assassination Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia but bound by a treaty, Russia also jumped into the war to defend Serbia. Later Germany, France, Britain, United Stated, Japan and various powerhouse of the world derailed in this war to support their ‘treaty-bounded’ friends. Straightforwardly, Franz Ferdinand’s assassination was the sole cause of this Great War.
2. August 6, 1945 (Hiroshima Bombing):
Amid the World War II, Japan was ordered to surrender as per the statement of the Potsdam Declaration, issued by Harry S. Truman (President of United States), Winston Churchill (Prime Minister of United Kingdom) and Chiang Kai-shek (Chairman of the Nationalist Government of China). This trinity ordered the Empire of Japan to surrender with the warning , “We will not deviate from them. There are no alternatives. We shall brook no delay.” The initial step of Japan to reject this ultimatum maddened the president of the United States and he ordered his authorities to drop the nuclear weapon “Little Boy” on the city of Hiroshima. In the early hours of August 6, Enola Gay, a Boeing B-29 bomber was launched by Colonel Paul Tibbets from Tinian airbase in the West Pacific. At 8:15 a.m. according to Hiroshima time, the “Little Boy”, consisting 60 kilograms of Uranium-235 was released from the height of 9,470 m. After 43 second from its release, this gravity bomb exploded 580 m. above the city of Hiroshima but till then the Enola Gay had moved 11.5 miles away before sensing the shock waves of the blast. Countless innocents were killed for peace and unity.
Evidently, United States is the big boss and the destiny-maker of entire world but this date will be always remembered for ravaging the ‘hive of bees’. On the morning of September 9, 19 bad boys of Al Qaeda struck the dignity of America by hijacking four commercial airliners. With deadliest intentions, they crashed the first jet at 8:46 a.m. into the north tower of WTC between 93rd and 99th floors. After seventeen minutes, the second jet impacted between the 77th and 85th floors of the south tower. Within two hours of attack, both towers collapsed, killing 2,700 people. Third jet was crashed into The Pentagon and the fourth one fell down in a rural area of Pennsylvania. Later, the surrounding buildings of WTC were demolished because they were damaged beyond repair. In the crew of terrorists, fifteen were from Saudi Arabia, two from the UAE, one from Lebanon and one from Egypt. The Egyptian terrorist Mohamed Atta was the ringleader. The attack of 9/11 was architected by Khalid Sheik Mohammed, a mechanical engineer and the top-notch member of Al Qaeda.