Scientific temperament is usually associated with western scientists but theories and discoveries made by Indian scientist have not been less discerning. The country of the snake charmers, as called by the West, India is much more than just that. Scroll down to learn about the marvels of these Indian dudes whose scientific theories gave birth to several prominent scientific foundations. We are sure these top 10 dudes will make the West acknowledge India’s might.
10. Har Gobind Khorana:
Biochemist Har Gobind Khorana was conferred the Noble Prize in 1968 for Physiology or Medicine for his research that helped to explain how nucleotides in nucleic acids control the synthesis of proteins. Khorana was also the first scientist to synthesize oligonucleotides. The University of Wisconsin-Madison and DBT Department of Biotechnology in Indian government together introduced ‘Khorana Program’ in 2007. The program serves to develop a productive community of scientists, industrialists, and social entrepreneurs in the United States and India.
9. Ashok Sen:
The 1956 born Indian physicist made headlines by winning the Fundamental Physics Prize in 2012 for his work in string theory. This Kolkata born and IIT-Kanpur educated professor’s theory aims to find answers for almost everything about matter and energy in the universe. His is one of the most revolutionary scientific theories in astronomy.
8. Satyendra Nath Bose:
Satyendra Nath Bose, a renowned physicist of his time, is best known for his work in Quantum Physics. The Indian scientist, along with Albert Einstein, is credit for postulating the “Bose-Einstein Theory”. He has even been honoured with having a particle named after him – “Boson”. Born on January 1, 1894, Bose was a self taught scholar and polyglot.
7. Salim Ali:
Born on November 12, 1896, Salim Ali was perhaps India’s best known naturalist. Popularly known as the “Birdman of India”, Salim Ali made vital contribution in the development of ornithology. His role in the study of birds is of crucial importance across many ornithology institutes in the world. Ali wrote numerous articles for journals and several books that still remain popular and are in print. His life long association with Bombay Natural History Society helped conservation in India and in building the institution.
6. Meghnad Saha:
Indian astrophysicist, Meghnad Saha, developed the Saha equation. The equation is used to describe chemical and physical conditions in stars. The Saha equation has helped in the interpretation of the spectra of stars in astrophysics. Born on October 6, 1893 Saha is best known for his work for thermal ionisation of elements also invented an instrument to measure the light and pressure of solar rays.
5. Jagadish Chandra Bose:
Physicist, Jagadish Chandra Bose made mark in the scientific world with his pioneering work in the investigation of radio and microwave optics. Bose also did go on inventing the Crescograph. His valued scientific theories can be read in books such as ‘Response in the Living and Non-Living’ (1902) and ‘The Nervous Mechanism of Plants’ (1926).
4. Homi Jehangir Bhabha:
The founding director of the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Jehangir Bhabha, laid the keystone of the nuclear weapons. He became the chief architect of the Atomic Energy program in India. Born on October 30, 1909, Bhabha’s scientific contributions include deriving an expression for probability of scattering positrons by electors which later came to known as Bhabha scattering.
3. Sir C.V. Raman:
The renowned physicist paid a vital role in the growth of science in India and abroad. Sir C.V. Raman explained to the world that when light travels through a transparent material, some of that light that gets deflected changes in wavelength. His theory came to be known as ‘Raman scattering’, which is the result of the ‘Raman Effect’. Born on November 7, 1888, C.V. Raman was awarded the Noble Prize for Physics in 1930.
2. Srinivasa Ramanujan:
One of the most brilliant mathematicians the world has ever known, Srinivasa Ramanujan, presented the number theory, infinite series and continued fractions. What is surprising is that the natural born mathematician had no formal training in mathematics. The English mathematician G.H. Hardy honoured Ramanujan calling him a natural genius. Ramanujan was born on December 22, 1887.
Aryabhata is the greatest of all Indian scientific dudes. He presented before the world the basis of scientific foundation by postulating the number value system including the value of Zero. Aryabhata even meddled in Trigonometry, something scientists and mathematicians elsewhere were not even aware of at the time.