The Nobel Prize is considered prestigious but it is controversial too as it has been granted to many who were less deserving while overlooking those who deserved it. Here is a list of 10 most deserving people who missed out on the Nobel Prize.
10. Oswald Avery:
He was a Canadian born American physician and medical researcher who along with his co-workers Colin MacLeod and Maclyn McCarty discovered that DNA is the material of which genes and chromosomes are made. He provided the platform for modern DNA research paving the way to revolution in genetics and biomedical science. Unquestionably so he deserved a Nobel Prize.
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9. Dmitri Mendeleev:
The first version of the Periodic Table which went on to become the foundation of Chemistry was created by Dmitri Mendeleev. In 1906 it was almost certain that he would be awarded the Nobel Prize for Chemistry for his discovery of the Periodic System but due to politics of favouritism and external influence, Henri Moissan eventually went on to win the coveted honour.
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8. Dorothy Day:
She was an American journalist who worked to establish the Catholic Worker movement, a nonviolent, pacifist movement that continues to combine direct aid for the poor and homeless with nonviolent direct action on their behalf. She is a revered figure in the US Catholic Community and has been considered for Sainthood by the Church too. With several posthumous awards, the Nobel Prize unfortunately failed to fall in her kitty.
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7. Oskar Schindler:
He was a German Industrialist who saved around 1,100 Jews during the Holocaust. He employed them in his enamelware and ammunitions factories, which were located in what are now Poland and the Czech Republic respectively. He placed himself in danger but unflinchingly worked for saving thousands of lives. He paid millions to the Nazis persuading them that workers were essential for manufacturing ammunition while he actually made these workers sabotage those. Oskar Schindler worked in the most perilous times for the good and hence it goes without saying that he deserved a Nobel Prize for Peace.
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6. Jose Figueres Ferrer:
He served as the President of Costa Rica for three terms during which he abolished the army rule, nationalized its banking sector and granted blacks and women the right to vote. He created a welfare state and supervised the writing of a Constitution. He guaranteed Public Education for every citizen and founded Civil Service Bureaucracy. He worked for the country and the people without any prejudice; rare quality amidst politicians and hence he surely deserved a Nobel Prize.
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5. David Baulcombe:
He is a British geneticist and plant physicist. His significant contributions are to fields of virus movement, genetic regulation, disease resistance and gene silencing. He along with Andrew Hamilton discovered the small interfering RNA that is the specificity determinant in RNA-mediated gene silencing. It paved way to Mello and Fire winning the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for their work of identifying a potent gene silencing effect after injecting double stranded RNA into C. elegans. Since Baulcombe’s work paved way to this he definitely deserved a Nobel Prize for it.
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4. Peter Higgs:
A British theoretical physicist and emeritus professor at the University of Edinburgh, Peter Higgs is known for the Higgs mechanism. In 1960s he predicted the existence of the Higgs Boson particle which today is the most sought after particle in modern physics. On July 4, 2012, CERN announced that they had experimentally proven the existence of Higgs-like boson. He till date hasn’t been awarded the Nobel Prize when even the likes of Stephen Hawking have endorsed him for the same.
(img source: become-a-scientist.com)
3. Satyendranath Bose:
An Indian Bengali Physicist who specialized in mathematical physics and was responsible for the Bose-Einstein statistics. It was the result, derived by him in his paper ‘Planck’s Law and Hypothesis of Light Quanta’, which laid the foundation of quantum statistics. But paradoxically Satyendranath Bose wasn’t awarded one though the result he arrived at was one of the top ten feats of the 20th century considering it paved way to new ideas on statistics of Microsystems. The boson as in Higgs boson – the God particle – is named after him.
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2. Nikola Tesla:
Nikola Tesla was a Serbian American inventor, engineer and physicist best known for his contribution to the design of the modern alternating current electrical supply system. He was perhaps the first person in North America to accidentally capture an X-ray image. In 1915 it was rumoured that the Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Thomas Edison and Nikola Tesla which was proved false when the award went to Sir William Henry Bragg and William Lawrence Bragg. It is believed that both the scientists were original recipients but weren’t given the award eventually due to their animosity.
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1. Mahatma Gandhi:
Mahatma Gandhi was the man who had become synonymous with non-violence around the world and continues to be so decades after his death. The man who fought with his ideals of ahimsa leading millions of Indians to Independence was ironically never awarded a Nobel Prize. He is undeniably the ‘Missing Laureate’, the emblem of Peace who should most definitely have been awarded the prestigious prize. Perhaps it was the fear of isolation of the Norwegian committee from Great Britain or just their prejudice but the truth is if conferred he would have definitely enhanced the glory associated with the prize.
(img source: rediff.com)