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Top 10 People Behind Indian Independence Movement

Updated on 19 January, 2018 at 4:19 pm By

Had our valiant freedom fighters not sacrificed their lives, the great Indian Independence Movement would have never come about the way it did. This is just because of those intelligent and gutsy people that we enjoy living in an independent country today. All our freedom fighters, unlike most of us in modern India, were different from the population; they were too plucky to panic while affording to give away everything they had for their nation. Freedom for them was a way greater cause to live and die for as compared to anything and everything else in life, including family, relations and emotions. Not everyone can decide to embrace death for their country, for the sake of its honor and dignity! Let’s remember and pay tribute to 10 strongest freedom fighters of India:

10. Gopal Krishna Gokhale (1886-1915):

Gopal Krishna Gokhale was one of the first people to revolt against earliest freedom fighters the British Rule. He was a senior leader of the Indian National Congress and founded the Servants of India Society. The major issues he picked up to fight against were untouchability and discrimination. He always believed in non-violence and practiced it till the end. Gokhale promoted independence from the British Rule and besides, advocated social reform.

Gopal Krishna Gokhale

9. Bal Gangadhar Tilak (1856-1920):


Bal Gangadhar Tilak was a very popular independence activist and Indian nationalist. He was a teacher, social reformer, lawyer, journalist and ultimately, a great freedom fighter of India. The British authorities called him the ‘Father of the Unrest.’ He was given the title ‘Lokmanya,’ literary meaning ‘revered by people.’ He lived and died for self-rule and always believed it to be his birthright.

Bal Gangadhar Tilak

8. Lal Bahadur Shastri (1904-1966):

Lal Bahadur Shastri is remembered as the most sober personality that joined Indian Independence Movement. He supported Gandhiji and fought for the rights of farmers. He kept sticking to his fight was an active figure in the Independence movement for India. He entered the fight for Independence with the support of Gandhiji and then fought for the rights of peasants and farmers. He went to jail twice while fighting for independence but kept sticking to the mission. He was popular as a man of truth and integrity. Later, he became the second prime minister of Independent India.

Lal Bahadur Shastri

7. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel (1875-1950):

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was a barrister, a statesman and one of the founding members of the Republic of India. He joined people like Gandhiji and Pt. Nehru in the country’s fight for freedom. Sardar Patel is also known as the Iron Man of India. He wanted India to be unified and fought against the British Rule with all his strength. He was the founding member of Indian National Congress and played a pivotal role in Quit India Moment. He became the first Home Minister and Deputy Prime Minister of independent India.

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

6. Dr. Rajendra Prasad (1884-1963):

Dr. Rajendra Prasad was the first President of the Republic of India for successive 12 years. A lawyer by profession, Dr. Prasad joined the Indian National Congress and played an exemplary role in India’s struggle for freedom. He always wished India to be socially reformed and kept working incessantly in this direction. Dr. Prasad was a big-time supporter of Mahatma Gandhi and got arrested during the Salt Satyagraha of 1931 and the Quit India Movement in 1942. After independence, Dr. Rajendra Prasad got elected the president of the Constituent Assembly of India to prepare the Constitution of India. India became a republic in 1950 and Dr. Prasad became the first President of India.

Dr. Rajendra Prasad

5. Subhas Chandra Bose (1897-1945):

Subhas Chandra Bose, popularly known as Netaji, was an Indian Nationalist who fought against the British during World War II. He was the man behind Azad Hind Fauj.  He escaped from India in 1941 while kept under house arrest by the British rule. Later, he turned to Axis Powers for help and wanted to get independence by force. He also became the General Secretary of the Congress Party while working with Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru.

Subhas Chandra Bose

 4. Chandrashekhar Azad (1906-1931):

Chandrashekhar Azad was another energetic and highly courageous freedom fighter of India. He took along a few revolutionaries having zest like him and founded the very famous Hindustan Republican Association. Azad is known as the mentor of Bhagat Singh. He became more aggressive when Gandhiji was suspended from the Non-Cooperation Movement. He decided to get independence by any means and was involved in the Kakori Train Robbery in 1925. While fighting the British when he was left with the last bullet, he kept his word of never getting caught alive by shooting himself.

Chandrashekhar Azad

3. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru (1889-1964):


Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru fought for independence with all his influence and strength. Basically a barrister, Nehru was a central figure in Indian politics and became the president of Indian National Congress. Nehru was closely associated with Mahatma Gandhi and was a part of the non-cooperation movement, which was in the form of a powerful rebellion against the policy of the British to suppress the poor Indian society. Later he joined Gandhiji in the disobedience movement with the same conviction and determination. Pt. Nehru was the first Prime Minister of India from 15 August, 1947 to 27 May, 1964.

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru

2. Mahatma Gandhi (1869-1948):

Mahatma Gandhi is regarded as the greatest freedom fighter of India as well as one among some individuals who changed the world. He all along his life preached values like simple living and high thinking. Everyone from common man to all other freedom fighters respected him for the principles he abided by such as truth, non-violence and nationalism. Gandhi led Satyagraha – the movement against violence, which eventually laid the foundation of independence of India. His life-long activities included protests opposing the land tax and discrimination against peasants, laborers. He fought against untouchability till the end of his life and this increased the respect people had for him. He was assassinated by Nathuram Godse on 30 July, 1948 in New Delhi.

Mahatma Gandhi

1. Shaheed Bhagat Singh (1907-1931):


Shaheed Bhagat Singh, a vigorous young man from Punjab, was the youngest freedom fighter of India. He was just 23 (and hardly scared!) when he chose to die for his country. When a teenager, anarchist and Marxist ideologies had had considerable influence on Bhagat Singh. Initially, what provoked him to fight against the British was the death of Lala Lajpat Rai and he took the revenge by killing John Saunders, a British officer. He didn’t believe in nonviolence, especially if it was to be projected against violence and injustice. Bhagat Singh kept reiterating slogans of revolution while he threw two bombs inside the Central Legislative Assembly. He was sentenced to death in the Lahore conspiracy case and hanged on 24 March, 1931. This did nothing but rekindled the sparks of hatred every single Indian had inside them against the British, which proved to be the flames of independence later.

Shaheed Bhagat Singh


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