Ever since the wheel was invented by humans, we have been trying to reach farther and farther places. The urge to explore and travel and to connect with people from the other side of the world has driven a transportation revolution. We use many different forms of transportation to travel and to trade. We are upgrading our modes of transportation all the time to decrease the time of travel but there are still some very old modes of transportation still in use.
Cycle rickshaws and human drawn carriages are still used in many places in the world. These along with the most famous mode of transport of all time, the bicycle, form the human powered modes of transport. Bicycles have been used for centuries and it seems that they are the best and most eco-friendly mode of transport we have ever designed.
Bullock carts, horses, horse drawn carriages, donkeys are all forms of animal powered transport. Dogs have also been used to draw carriages and huskies are used to pull sledges in the arctic. Many of these are still in use around the world, either due to being cheap like in the developing countries or as a novelty in the developed countries.
In the old days the only way to travel vast distances was on a ship. Brave sailors faced the harsh seas with wooden sailing ships and traveled to unknown lands. The whole world was explored with the help of the ship and even today shipping is the most common way of trading. Passenger ships and ferries still operate in many parts of the world as a cheaper option to flying.
Just like ships opened up the world of the oceans, boats opened up the rivers and lakes of the world. Boats have been used for personal transport, fishing and trading for thousands of years. They are still widely used in many port cities around the world and along canals that connect the inland areas with the seas.
The airplane can be said to be the harbinger of the global age. Airplanes decreased the amount of time required to travel across continents and made the world a smaller place. Airplanes are today widely used for public transport and for carrying goods. Space shuttles are just an evolution of the airplane that allows us to travel in space.
The three wheeler is the trademark of a developing country. It has revolutionized the way people travel in big cities. It is a motorized form of the cycle rickshaw and is called by different names around the world including, tuk tuk, auto rickshaw, tempo, auto, tricycle, mototaxi, lapa etc. It is mostly used for personal transport within cities but can be used to carry goods too.
Roads are an important infrastructure of a country and buses and trucks are the main form of transport that unites the country through its road network. Trucks carry goods across the country while buses carry passengers. It is the cheapest form of mass public transport available in any country and allows even the poorest of poor to travel throughout the country.
The mode of transport that we use the most today is the personal vehicle of the car. Henry Ford’s dream of everyone having a personal car has almost come true. Cars have become a status symbol in many society and the more cars you have the richer you appear. From hatchbacks to sedans, saloons, coups, SUVs, MUVs, roadsters, grand tourers, jeeps etc. there are many forms of the car that is used around the world for personal transport.
The most common form of transport in the world has to be the train. Trains are a unique form of transportation because they can travel large distances but are cheaper than airplanes and take less time than ships. This makes the train the ideal form of transport for the masses when they want to travel long distances. Metro rails are also used for quick and cheap travel within cities. Trains are also used for transporting goods and raw materials.