With a broad lay out of effectual processes, journalists confronts significant issues relating the public interest. From field reporting to conducting TV talks, they’ve benefited the society in several ways. Though in current time, most of them are conceived as agents of political and corporate houses, the field of journalism is still the biggest pillar that prevents society from falling deep into the abyss of depravity. Going through the pages of history and scrutinizing the modern-day scenario, we’ve compiled a list of ten most popular journos who’ve not only maintained but also nurtured the very ethics and principles of journalism.
10. Margaret Bourke-White:
This American lady is credited as the first female war journalist as well as the first photojournalist to cover the Soviet industry. One of the most significant historian of Indo-Pak partition, she is also renowned for her snap of Mahatma Gandhi with his spinning wheel. Margaret started her career in 1929, when Fortune Magazine designated her as a staff photographer and later, she emerged as a firebrand journalist covering the deadly chronicle of World War II.
9. Elijah Parish Lovejoy:
Throughout the history of journalism, Elijah is considered as the first journalist who was martyred for the independent voice of press. After graduating from the Waterville College in 1826, he struggled a lot to roar up his voice against slavery and finally, he was appointed by the anti-Jacksonian newspaper as an editor. Elijah was deeply impacted by his religious fostering which helped to establish himself as a preacher as well as an editor of a religious newspaper.
8. Robert Capa:
“If your pictures aren’t good enough, you aren’t close enough.” A legendary photojournalist of five major wars, Robert Capa will be always remembered for his iconic photograph, “The Falling Soldier”, in which he sharply captured the death moment of a Republican Soldier during the Spanish Civil War. Courageously dedicated to the deadly war fields, Capa was killed during the First Indochina War, when he mistakenly stepped on a landmine. However, the soul departed from his body but motionless Capa was still holding his camera in his left hand.
7. John Peter Zenger:
Considered as one of the most prominent figures of the journalism society, Zenger came into the spotlight after criticizing the contemporary governor of New York in the “New York Weekly Journal”. Due to his open act policy, he was imprisoned for ten months in 1734 but later he was released and established a landmark triumph for the exemption of press.
6. Walter Winchell:
“Never above you. Never below you. Always beside you. ” Emotional, colorful and ferociously opinionated, Winchell was a celebrated radio commentator and also an organized editor of the “New York Daily Mirror”. Over jealous of the principle of Communism, Winchell was the first American commentator who attacked the policies of Adolf Hitler.
5. Peter Arnett:
Native of New Zealand, Arnett is considered as one of the most daredevil photojournalists who covered the draggy scenario of Vietnam War as well as the first Persian Gulf War (grabbed the Pulitzer Price of 1966 for his exceptional work in Vietnam). His happy-go-lucky interviews with Saddam Husein and Osama Bin Laden are debated as a milestone in the journalistic environment.
4. Wilfred Burchett:
Admirer of communism and master in detecting events, Wilfred had also worked as a salesman of vacuum cleaner during his struggle days. Starting his journalistic career from the “Daily Express” newspaper, Wilfred became the first western journalist to cover the consequence of Hiroshima atom bomb attack.
3. William Randolph Hearst:
Deeply inspired by John Pulitzer, Randolph is credited as the magnetized journalist of the print media. He inherited the journalistic quality from his father George Hearst and later arrogated the “San Fransisco Examiner”, started by George Hearst. However, he is considered as the initiator of “Yellow Journalism” but his contribution in creating the chain of major newspapers will be always remembered by media buffs.
2. Bob Woodward:
The big boss of media house who disclosed the sensational “Watergate Scandal” and compelled Richard Nixon to resign from his presidential post. After graduating in English literature and History, Woodward joined “The Washington Post” and since then he has established himself as an authoritative pillar of the journalistic world.
1. Joseph Pulitzer:
Publisher of the “New York World” and “St. Louis Post Dispatch”, Pulitzer is regarded as the great grandfather of innovative journalism. For a short time, he had also worked as the member of U.S. House of Representatives but later he resigned on account of his journalistic duties. In his will, Pulitzer left $2 million for Columbia University, which led to the foundation of Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism in 1912. Later, Pulitzer Prize was established in 1917 which is still administrated by the Columbia University.