Mahatma Gandhi is one of the greatest humans to have taken birth on the Indian soil. His achievements and dedication for the cause of peace and independence have remained unequalled. To then choose the next line-up that lived to his ideals and worked for the betterment of the country is surely a tough job. There have been great men after Gandhi too whose contributions to the cause of the country are tremendous.
So, here’s examining their greatness and benefaction for country in the order of their contribution.
Born as Mukunda Lal Ghosh, Parmahansa Yogananda was one of the most widely known yogis and gurus India has ever seen, who took the whole world by storm with his immaculate and enlightening teaching of meditation and Kriya Yoga. His preachings reached the corners of the country and the world with his book ‘Autobiography of a Yogi’. He was deeply involved in various Satsang works even during the time of Mahatma Gandhi.
9. Vinoba Bhave:
Vinayak Narahari Bhave who was popularly known as Acharya was one of the greatest Indian advocates of non-violence and an ardent human rights activist. Actively involved in the Bhoodan Movement, Acharya Vinoba Bhave is also regarded as the spiritual successor of Mahatma Gandhi. Vinoba Bhave was enthusiastically involved in many social works during his time.
8. Jawaharlal Nehru:
The first Prime Minister of independent India, Jawharlal Nehru grew up under the tutelage of Mahatma Gandhi himself and became instrumental in shaping modern India. His popular speech as the first Prime Minister “A Tryst with Destiny” still resonates the ears of the nation. He propagated the cause of import substitution industrialization and gave the Indian economy its character of a mixed economy, where the private and public sector would co-exist.
7. APJ Abdul Kalam:
Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam has served India in the capacity of President since 2002 to 2007 during the NDA rule. Popularly known as missile man of India for his work in development of ballistic missile and launch vehicle technology, Kalam also played a pivotal role in India’s Pokhran-II nuclear tests in 1998. His literary works including ‘Wings of Fir’ were bestsellers of their time.
6. Homi Jehangir Bhabha:
Widely identified as nuclear physicist of great repute, Homi Bhabha was the founding director of two well known research institutions in the country – Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) and Trombay Atomic Energy Establishment (presently named after him). He is considered the founding father of Indian nuclear programme that gave India a name in the world.
5. Jamshetji Tata:
Jamsetji Nusserwanji Tata was an Indian pioneer industrialist who founded the great Tata Empire. Tata is the largest conglomerate in the entire country with extensive presence in the different parts of the world as well. It was for him that the industrial culture took roots in our country and helped many others industrial houses to emerge in the coming times. Our first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru referred to him as one of the big founders of modern India.
4. B. R. Ambedkar:
The first ever Law Minister of the country, Dr. Ambedkar came from a Mahar Caste, classified in the Hindu society as untouchables. Despite facing caste discrimination at every step of his personal and professional life, he went on attend college at the Columbian University of America. Later he studied Law and Economics in London and came back to the Indian to eventually become the “Father of the Indian Constitution.”
3. Jayaprakash Narayan:
Widely known as Jayaprakash, JP Narayan or Lok Nayak, Jayaprakash Narayan was a political leader and Indian independence activist of great repute. He is still remembered for his nationwide movement against Indira Gandhi in the 1970s. He gave a call for peaceful Total revolution movement all across the country. Various awards were conferred upon him during his lifetime and posthumously. He was also actively involved in social work.
2. Lal Bahadur Shastri:
The second Prime Minister of the Republic of India, Lal Bahadur Shastri succeeded Pandit Nehru in 1964. Known for his adherence to Nehruvian socialism, Shastri was a man of words and was firm in his actions. His stint as the Union Railway Minister where he took various progressive decisions is still admired greatly by one and all. He became a national hero with India’s comprehensive win against Pakistan in the 1965 Indo-Pak war.
1. Sardar Patel:
Sardar Vallabhbhai Jhaverbhai Patel was one of the founding fathers of independent Republic of India. Other than the major role that he played during the freedom struggle, he is also remembered for the way he integrated various princely states into one country. As the first Home Minister and Deputy Prime Minister of the independent India, Sardar Patel was instrumental in establishing the governance framework for the country. He is also remembered as the ‘Patron Saint’ of India’s civil servants for establishing modern-all-India services.