Earth is full of many natural wonders that amaze and enthrall. The great wonders built by humans don’t stand any chance in front of the wonders created by Mother Nature over millions of years ago. Caves are one such natural wonder that is formed due to certain geological activities and contains mind blowing views within them. Some of these caves contain life forms that don’t exist anywhere else in the world while others contain life even in inhospitable environments. All of them contain spectacular views and formations formed by deposits and erosion. So if you’re keen to explore some of the famous caves in the world, start selecting them from here.
Silver Cave is called so because of the slivery sparkling stalactites that are found inside. This cave system is found in Guilin City of Guangxi Province of China. It is national scenic spot and contains three layers of caves running under 12 hills. There are more than 10 scenic spots most famous of which are snow mountain with waterfall, music stone screen and jade pool wonderland.
Avshalom Cave is a 5000 m2 cave found on the western side of Mt. Ye’ela in the Judaean hills in Israel. It is famous for its dense concentration of stalactites some of which are 300,000 years old. Some stalactites meet stalagmites and form stone pillars. The cave was found accidently while quarrying with explosives in 1968 and was kept a secret for a few years from fears of it being exploited for its resources. It is now part of the Avshalom Nature Reserve.
St. Michael’s Cave is actually a network of caves found 300 meters above sea level in Gibraltar. It was formed by the seeping of rainwater into natural fault lines and dissolving the limestone by forming carbonic acid. It is the most famous cave found inside the Rock of Gibraltar and more than 1,000,000 visitors visit this cave every year.
Kungur Ice Cave is found near the town of Kungur in Prem Krai Russia on the right bank of Sylva River. This cave is very popular with visitors and there are excursion tours of different lengths and difficulty. 100,000 people visit this cave every year. It is famous for its ice formations and sites of ancient civilizations.
Carlsbad Caverns National Park is located in the Guadalupe Mountains in New Mexico and is famous for the show cave called Carlsbad Cavern. It is a limestone chamber single cavern that is called the Big Room. It is 4000 ft long, 625 ft wide and 255 ft high. It is the third largest chamber in North America and the seventh largest in the world.
The Reed Flute Cave is named so because of the reeds growing outside which can be made into flutes. It is found in the Guangxi province of China and is said to be 180 million years old. It has been a tourist attraction for over 1200 years but was rediscovered in the 1940’s. It contains various stalactite and stalagmite formations formed by limestone and lighted by multicolored lights.
Jameos del Agua is a cave formed inside a Lava Tube. When the Montana La Corona erupted it formed a 6 km long lava tube. In places the roof collapsed due to pressure and forms part of an open air cave system. At other placed there is sea water seeping through the rock as the caves are under sea level. They contain a variety of albino blind crabs that are found nowhere else in the world. One of the cave is used as an auditorium where concerts and film screenings are held.
Thien Duong Cave is part of the Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park in Vietnam near the Dong Hoi City. It has been classified as a UNESCO world heritage site. The cave is 31 km long and was discovered in 2005 by a local man. The stalactite and stalagmite formations are so spectacular that the cave was named Thien Duong which means paradise.
The Postojna Cave is a system of caves that is 20 km long found in Slovenia. It was formed by the Pivka River and has been a tourist destination for many hundreds of years. Official guided tours have been operated since 1819. In WWII German forces used the entrance of the cave for storage of barrels of aircraft fuel. In 1944 these were set on fire by Slovene Partisans and the fire burnt for 7 days, blackening the entrance.