Top 10 Differences between “Left” and “Right” Political Ideologies

10:06 am 24 Apr, 2013

In different times, diverse economic and political orders have ruled the roost in different parts of the world. However, two political ideologies – the Left and the Right – have evolved with complete might and vigor to occupy the most dominant positions in the political setup of the world. While the Left wing policies are common man centric, Right wing ideology adheres to open market forces and directly contradicts the ideas of Leftists. Apart from this, numerous differences mark the divide between the two set ups, and here are the top 10 differences between Left and Right wing political ideologies.


10. Profits affect the policies:

Right wing political parties always make sure that the policies they draft ensure good amount of profit to the nation even if some of the parameters of social justice are compromised on the way. On the other hand, the left wing politics doesn’t values profits if they come at the cost of violating laws of social equality and levelness.

Profits affect the policies - Differences between “Left” and “Right” Political Ideologies

9. Conservative approach:

The approach under left wing politics is considerably conservative and dates back to the times of Karl Marx and Lenin. Their conservative attitude is apparent in their ideologies. According to them, lesser is the exposure to systemic risks, more is the chance of equal growth. Right wing politicians, on the other hand, value intermixing of cultures and development of aggressive policies for state’s growth.

Conservative approach - Differences between “Left” and “Right” Political Ideologies

8. Welfare state:

A Left government works on the main goal of creating a welfare state where subsidies rule the roost. They believe in reaching out to the people with welfare funds and assistances. However, Right wing governments believe in creating a state that is less dependent on subsidies and welfare assistances, and more on organic growth of per capita income level.

Welfare state - Differences between “Left” and “Right” Political Ideologies

7. View point towards capitalism:

Economic freedom is finding its place through the entire world even in the well established socialist economies. However, Leftists are and always have been fairly apprehensive towards the idea of capitalism, not because of  the greater amount of economic freedom associated with it, but social inequality that  breeds from it in the longer run.

View point towards capitalism - Differences between “Left” and “Right” Political Ideologies

6. Hierarchial order of governance:

It is a well established fact that the administrative set up in the political party based on socialistic values is more hierarchical as against what is observed in the Leftist set up. They believe in equal social order and radically equal society. More weightage is given to equal representation of society in the cadre ranks.

Hierarchial order of governance - Differences between “Left” and “Right” Political Ideologies

5. Pro-poor:

It is not uncommon to see Left parties to back the rights of poor people. They often present their point of views to the general public by taking to the roads and openly organizing protests. Therefore, socialists are always pro-poor and work constantly for their rights and benefits. Although, Rightists cannot be painted as anti-poor, they will not upset elites at the cost of poor people.

Pro-poor - Differences between “Left” and “Right” Political Ideologies

4. No free economy:

Countries ruled by political parties with leftist ideology rarely lay down the red carpet for multinationals and private players, although China is one such exception. Their rationale is that free economy could breed discomfort for the local state backed players and lead to exploitation of the people in the country because of the money power they possess.

No free economy - Differences between “Left” and “Right” Political Ideologies

3. Civil liberties:

It would be wrong to opine that Right wing politics is all against civil liberties and creation of social order that is based on equality of order. Right wing policies are also pro-people, but the people who fund such parties are industrialists and therefore, can’t afford to distance themselves from funding elite as against what Leftists believe. Therefore, civil liberties take a back seat in most of the discussions in the parliamentary bench of Right wing parties.

Civil liberties - Differences between “Left” and “Right” Political Ideologies

2. Government control:

Under Left wing politics the desire is to create a system that revolves around government (though it is society centric) for the betterment of the common masses. All their efforts are directed in bring about equality in the society. Rightists are supporters of liberal order where market forces play major role in ensuring improvement in the living order of the people in the state.

Government control - Differences between “Left” and “Right” Political Ideologies

1. Central theme:

The major difference is in the practiced ideology where Leftists are more inclined towards creating a dependency culture that relies on state support to ensure equality in masses, while Rightists are more than happy to let the capitalist or market order to share a centre stage and guide the economy on the path of development.

Central theme - Differences between “Left” and “Right” Political Ideologies

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