Very often, doctors from all over the world encounter weird and strange medical cases. They publish case reports regarding the unusual problems they witness. Researchers and live sciences experts take a sneak peek into such cases and illuminate the world with the symptoms and remedies of the very same strange medical condition. From hairy-eyeballs, star shaped cataracts to some weird delusions and irresistible urge to eat anything, that’s in front of you; there are uncountable cases that can leave you in shock for a couple of days. Here are some of the most bizarre medical conditions that are very uncommon but seriously have a long lasting impact over you.
10. Cotard’s syndrome (Walking Corpse Syndrome):
Traumatized head and brain and certain psychological afflictions lead the sufferers of this syndrome to believe that they are dead or dying from within. That’s why certain researchers call it ‘Walking Corpse Syndrome’. Cotard’s syndrome comes under the category of ‘mental disorder’. People who suffer from this disorder hold many delusions like that of being putrefied, or having lost their internal organs. Sometimes they even have delusions of immortality.
9. Arnold-Chiari malformation (Brain malformation):
Chiari malformation is the condition wherein the size of the brain is more than what it should actually be. The brain grows abnormally in this case, causing the obstruction in the outflow of ‘cerebrospinal fluid’, which otherwise is known as ‘brain’s cushion’ and protects the brain from injury due to sudden jolt or hit. In normal cases, the cerebellum and other parts of brain stem rest in a space at the lower end of the skull, just above the ‘foramen magnum’. However, the cerebellum of the sufferer of this disease extends abnormally and is usually located below the opening to the spinal cord (foramen magnum). Brain malformation may cause severe headaches, dizziness, and fatigue, difficulty in swallowing and even paralysis.
8. Periodic Paralysis (Temporary paralysis):
Periodic paralysis is one of the most horrific genetic diseases, which targets the already paralysed areas or even the entire body, for temporary period. It may stay for a few hours to a few days. This disease easily gets triggered by common sources like cold, heat, stress, high carbohydrate diet, physical activities etcetera. This causes weakness and inactivity of muscles in the affected regions. It is caused by the failure of brain to pass signals due to malfunctions in the ion channels in the striated muscle cells which have a control over our nervous system. Periodic paralysis can’t be cured completely, however following a tight exercise schedule and decreasing the amount of potassium intake can help in avoiding these paralytic attacks.
7. Body Integrity Identity Disorder (Desperation to get that limb off):
BIID comes under the category of psychological disorder in which sufferers have a strong urge to live as an ‘amputee’. Amputation is the removal of limbs of a human body by constriction or surgery. Sufferers, who are actually totally sane, get desperate to get rid of one of their body parts. Limb seems as extraneous to them and they can put a mark at the place where they gravely want to have it eliminated. The reason for this disorder is yet unknown but studies by neuroscientist Vilayanur S. Ramachandran suggest that the sufferers of this disorder miss extracts of their body image map on their brains. The limb, which makes them feel horrifically uncomfortable, is not properly mapped on the corresponding regions of the brain. There is no known cure for this weird disorder. The only way out, that’s generally followed, is the removal of the unwanted limb and sufferers feel at the top of the world once it is done.
6. Congenital Insensitivity to Pain (What’s Pain???):
Yes! The people born with this genetic mutation generally ask people ‘what the hell is this pain?’ CIP is one of the strange medical conditions in which the affected person has never felt and can’t ever feel pain. People with this rare mutation die at an early age because of various treatable injuries that they don’t even notice. In infancy, babies break their bones, cut their hands and do many such activities without any hesitation. They develop this habit of showing off among their peers, which lead to serious injuries and sometimes may even lead to death or complete damage of some parts.
5. Human Seminal Plasma Hypersensitivity (Allergy by semen):
4. Pica (Eat whatever you get):
This strange disorder forces the sufferers to eat anything that’s actually not sanctioned to be eaten. People eat a lot of non-food stuff, due to an undeniable craving. People crave for substances that lack nutrition and even destroy the internal organs. Some of these substances are faeces, chalk, mucus, hair, paint, glass, wood, iron, urine and even body parts. The main reasons of this strange urge to eat are: iron and mineral deficiencies, pregnancy, and stress. Consuming these non-nutritious things lead to both physical and mental impairment of the sufferers. Record 1,446 metal items were surgically removed from the abdomen of a woman in Missouri, America. She was a pica patient and she died later due to various internal injuries and excessive loss of blood.
3. Methemoglobinemia (Look! He’s got a blue skin):
This broadly hereditary disorder is very rare. In this, blood of the person turns blue due to deficiency of an enzyme. Due to this, the skin of the sufferer appears blue. This complete disorder is actually due to increased level of ‘methemoglobin’ in blood, which contains ferric iron. This more than normal level of methemoglobin causes dramatic change in the complexion of the sufferer. Symptoms of this strange condition include fatigue, weakness, headache and shortness of breath. ‘Fugate Family’ of Kentucky is the most illustrious example of this hereditary disorder. This ‘Fugate family’ were famously known as ‘the blue men of Kentucky’.
2. Parry-Romberg Syndrome (Shrinks the face):
Parry-Romberg Syndrome, commonly known as ‘progressive hemi facial atrophy’ is an acquired syndrome in which the sufferer’s facial skin and tissues start shrinking and deteriorating. Usually one side of the face is affected, however, in some cases; it extends to other parts of the body too. Females of ages 5-15 are more likely to get affected by this syndrome. This syndrome leaves the patient look ugly as it gives rise to a non-symmetrical appearance. No authentic mechanism for this pity situation has been deduced so far. It has been studied and researched that different people (sufferers) have different reasons involved. Doctors fail to treat this strange and weird disease.
1. Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber Syndrome (Uneven enlargement of body parts):
KTS is a very rare congenital disorder is characterised by three main effects. They are: port-wine stain on the skin (nevus flammeus), lymphatic malformations (varicose veins), and unsymmetrical enlargement of limbs. Many-a-times, a part of person’s body is enlarged, person’s single buttock grows more than the other, fingers of one hand are under (or over) sized than the other, even the head enlarges or diminishes in size. Causes of KTS are still unknown. However, various theories have thrown some light on the causes of this strange disorder. One theory suggests that KTS may be caused by some malformations of blood cells. Another theory counts the abnormal pressures that affect the womb of the sufferer. Both of these theories may be correct, however, these are not proved practically so far.