“If we wish to be free, we must fight. Shall we gather strength by irresolution and inaction? Is life so dear, or peace so sweet, as to be purchased at the price of chains and slavery? I know not what course others may take; but as for me, give me liberty or give me death.” – Patrick Henry (March 1775)
10. Battle of the Roses (1455 – 1485):
A long episode of dynastic battles in England for monarchy between supporters of the House of Lancaster (Lancastrians) and the supporters of the House of York (Yorkists). This battle ended when Henry VII defeated Richard III and occupied the throne.
9. Greek-Persian Battle (499 BC – 449 BC):
This battle was a red-letter moment in Greek history. The conflict started when Greeks moved along the eastern side of the Aegean Sea in 800 BC and Persian dictators tried to tax the entire city. The attempt of Persians to manifest the destiny of Greeks was aborted claiming thousands of lives.
8. British Civil Battle (1642 – 1651):
This battle was actually series of wars between Parliamentarians and Royalists (1642 – 1646), King Charles I and supporters of the long parliament (1648 – 1649) and between King Charles II and supporters of Rump Parliament (1649 – 1651). This attempt for establishing republic regime in England claimed 190,000 lives.
7. Battle of Vienna (1683):
Considered as one of the most important battles of the 17th century, this battle was fought between Christian Europe and Ottoman Empire. Ottoman Empire was adamant to capture the city of Vienna which became the point of contention. This large scale battle was won by King of Poland John III against the Ottoman Empire.
6. Battle of Normandy (6 – 25 June, 1944):
Invasion of allied forces in Normandy during World War II, this battle is considered as the largest amphibious invasion of all time. The Germans got squashed in this historical iconography.
5. Battle of Spanish Armada (1588):
Fought between King Philip II of Spain and Queen Elizabeth I of England, this battle made England a much more influential nation. Phillip plotted to defeat Elizabeth by sending Spanish Armada (131 ships and 17,000 men) to invade England but was defeated by the excellent tactics of Queen.
4. Battle of Actium (31 BC):
Fought between the forces of Octavian and the combined forces of Mark Antony and Cleopatra, this battle resulted in the rise of the first Roman Emperor. This battle is considered a major turning point in the history of Egypt.
3. Battle of Marathon (490 BC):
One of the most famous military engagements in History, this battle was fought between citizens of Athens and Persia. Persian army was devastated by Athenian daredevils. This battle is considered one of the most important events marking the birth of European culture.
2. Battle of Hastings (1066):
Fought between the Norman army of Duke William II and English army of King Herald II, this battle marks a watershed in the history of England. It symbolizes an instant in British history where the disunited Anglo-Saxon system of rule is washed away and replaced by a single cohesive body of government.
1. Battle of Waterloo (June 18, 1815):
The battle of Waterloo is both one of the most decisive in history and the most difficult to describe. In this battle French Empire under the leadership of Michael Ney and Napoleon Bonaparte were defeated by the Seventh Coalition and a Prussian Army, which was commanded by Gebhard Von Blucher.