The Indian National flag was designed as a symbol of freedom. According to the late Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, the Indian Flag depicted not only their freedom, but it was the symbol of freedom of all the Indian nationals. The Indian national flag is the true representation of the aspirations and hopes of the Indians. It is indeed the symbol of national honor and pride and is our national treasure. The official code of the national flag is the horizontal tricolor of deep saffron (kesaria) at the top of the flag, followed by white in the middle and dark green at the bottom all in equal proportions. Right at the centre of the white band is the iconic navy-blue wheel representing the Dharma Chakra. The ratio of the flag to its length is marked by two to three.
Significance of the Flag
The top saffron color of the flag is the symbol of courage and strength of the country. The middle white band is the representation of peace and truth with the Chakra in between. The last green band is indicative of the growth, fertility and auspiciousness of the country. The Dharma Chakra design is that of the wheel engraved on the abacus of the Sarnath Lion capital of Ashoka. Its diameter approximates the width of the white band and it comprises of 24 spokes. This design of the National Flag was adopted for the first time by the Indian Constituent assembly of India on 22nd July, 1947.
The Timeline of Indian Flag
It is quite astonishing to see the great many changes our National flag has been through ever since its inception. Our national flag came into recognition at the time of our national struggle to attain freedom. Our National Flag is the most respectable national symbol. Strict rules and regulations have been implemented for its manufacturing and hoisting. According to the official specifications the flag is supposed to be made form khadi, a special hand spun yarn composed of cotton, wool and silk.
The very first National Flag of India was hoisted on August 7, 1906, in the Parsee Bagan Square in Calcutta (now known as Kolkata). Three horizontal and equal strips of green (top), yellow (middle) and red (bottom) constituted the flag. The green had eight half-opened lotus symbols printed over it and the red had two symbols, one was of sun and the other a star. The yellow strip had ‘Vande Mataram’ inscribed on it in Devanagri.
The second flag was hoisted by Madame Cama in Parisalong with her band of exiled revolutionaries. This flag was very much similar to the earlier flag with the only exception that the top strip had 7 stars in place of Louts depicting Saptarishi. This flag was also exhibited at the solicit conference in Berlin.
The third flag was raised at the time the course of political struggle had taken a definite turn. It was Dr. Annie Besant and Lokmanya Tilak, who hosted the third flag during the Home Rule Movement. This flag was characterized by five red and four green horizontal strips which were arranged alternatively. The flag also had seven stars in the exact Saptarishi configuration super-imposed on the strips. The left hand top corner was adorned by the Union Jack. A white crescent and star adorned the other corner.
Pingali Venkayya prepared a flag and presented it to Gandhiji during the session of the All India Congress Committee, which was held at Bezwada in 1921. The flag was made up of two colors red and green, representing the two major communities, Hindus and Muslims. Gandhiji suggested adding the white color in between to represent the other remaining communities of India and the spinning wheel to symbolize progress of the nation.
This year is marked as the landmark in the history of the national flag. In 1931, a resolution was passed accepting the tricolor flag based on Pingali Venkayya’s design as the national flag of India. This flag comprised of saffron, white and green strips with Mahatma Gandhi’s spinning wheel at the centre.
It was on July 22, 1947 that the Constituent Assembly adopted it as the free India National flag. After the advent of independence the colors of the national flag along with their significance remained the same, but the spinning wheel was replaced by the Dharma Chakra of Emperor Ashoka, as an emblem on the flag. Thus, the tricolor flag significant of the Congress Party subsequently became the tricolor flag of our Independent India.