The Ministry of Urban Development has decided to study and rank 75 cities based on sanitation and cleaning as part of an accountability drive of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched 15 months ago.
This survey is asking the public to give its feedback on certain parameters set by the government.
Title “Swachh Survekshan”, the task of this survey has been given to the Quality Council of India.
They will cover all state capitals and 53 other cities, involving three streams of data collection which includes – citizen feedback, municipality self-evaluation and independent assessment.
Praveen Prakash, mission director and joint secretary in the Ministry of Urban Development told reporters that Swachh Survekshan is the very first survey commissioned by them since the launch of Swachh Bharat Mission on October 2, 2014.
“We want data from the ground to measure the impact of the mission year-on-year.”
A base-year pre-survey was conducted across 476 cities last year before the launch of the SBM.
The progress of each of these 75 cities will be charted based on a tally of findings as on December 2015 with that of October 2014.
Swachh Sarvekshan began on January 5 and will continue till January 20. The results are expected to be announced on January 25, 2016 on the MyGov website, on the eve of the Republic Day.
On what parameters are the cities being measured?
- Strategies that have been taken to stop open defecation and integrate the city’s solid waste management system,
- How effective are e-communication strategies on information, education and behaviour change,
- Effectiveness of systems for sweeping, door-to-door collections and transportation of waste,
- Processing and disposal of waste efficiency,
- How good is deployment of public and community toilets,
- How many household individual toilets have been constructed.
The Swachh Bharat Mission aims at proper disposal of municipal solid waste in all the 83,000 wards in urban areas by 2019.
Adil Zainulbhai, chairman of the quality council, said that Swachh Survekshan will help assess the level of cleanliness in the surveyed cities and simultaneously foster a spirit of healthy competition between them.
But he stressed that the success of Swachh Survekshan depends on how much the municipalities and citizens of the 75 cities involve themselves into the mission.
The quality council has deployed a team of 110 assessors, most of them engineers, to conduct the survey. They will visit all the 75 cities and their respective municipalities.