1. Sulabh International Social Service Organization (SISSO) is a non-profit voluntary social organization founded in 1970 by Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak from Bihar.
2. Working to promote human rights, environmental sanitation, waste management, non-conventional sources of energy, and social reforms through education, Sulabh International is the largest non-profit organization in India.
3. Dedicated to Gandhian ideology of emancipation of scavengers, Sulabh has been working for the removal of untouchability and social discrimination against such people, and the organization is noted for achieving success in that.
4. Sulabh’s environmental friendly two-pit pour-flush toilet known as Sulabh Shauchalaya is implemented in over 1.2 million houses all over India and has today helped liberate over a million scavengers.
It is socially acceptable, economically affordable, technologically appropriate, and does not require scavengers to clean the pits.
5. Sulabh’s pay & use public toilets, known as Sulabh Complexes, with bath, laundry and urinal facilities are being used by about ten million people every day.
It has so far constructed and is maintaining over 8000 such public toilets in India.
6. SISSO also has constructed 200 biogas plants in the public toilets all over the country.
Production of biogas from public toilets and recycling and reuse of effluent through simple and convenient method is a major breakthrough in the field of sanitation and community health.
7. To further treat effluent of biogas plant, Sulabh has also invented a simple and convenient technology named Sulabh Effluent Treatment (SET).
It is safe for discharge into any water body without causing pollution. It can also be used for cleaning of floors of public toilets in water scarce areas.
8. Not just in India, Sulabh also implement a few projects on sanitation in Afghanistan, funded by the Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India.
It has helped improving the sanitation scenario providing employment to the Afghan people.
9. In addition to conserving and reusing water, Sulabh’s sanitation system has additional inbuilt advantage of reducing green house gas effect.
10. The United Nations Centre for Human Settlements has dubbed Sulabh’s sanitation system as a global ‘Urban Best Practice’ in 1996.
The Economic and Social Council of the United Nations also granted Special Consultative Status to Sulabh in recognition of its work.
11. Sulabh has established coordination with various national and international agencies, including British Council, USAID, BORDA, Commission of European Union, Belgium, GERES, France, CEEIC, HRIEE, China and Haskoning and Euroconsult.
12. Besides sanitation, Sulabh has also set up an English-medium public school in New Delhi and also has a network of centres all over the country to train boys and girls from poor families, especially scavengers.
13. In its premises in Delhi, Sulabh also runs a museum known as Sulabh International Museum of Toilets, dedicated to the history of sanitation and toilets.
14. With around 60,000 volunteers working with the organization, Sulabh takes pride in providing jobs directly to over 35,000 people, creating 1 crore mandays, and making 640 towns scavenging free.
15. Sulabh International in collaboration with UN-HABITAT, Nairobi has trained professionals from 14 African countries for their capacity development towards achieving the MDG for sustainable development in water and sanitation.
16. Sulabh has trained more than 50,000 people to work in the construction and maintenance of community toilets in India.
17. The strategy developed by Sulabh can easily be replicated in other developing countries to improve the sanitation status and quality of life.
18. Dr. Pathak has received a great deal of national and international recognition for his work, including the Stockholm Water Prize in 2009.
He is considered a pioneer for social reform.