India has become the second largest producer of fruits in the world, falling just behind China.
In a handbook titled ‘Horticultural Statistics at a Glance 2015‘ the agriculture ministry noted, “Over the last decade, the area under horticulture grew by about 2.7 per cent per annum and annual production increased by 7 per cent.”
Though vegetable production comprises the largest segment of agriculture in India, fruits production has grown faster.
And you may be surprised to know that the most exported fruit is grapes, followed by banana and mango.
“Grapes occupy the premier position in exports with 107.3 thousand tonnes valued at Rs 1,086 crore in 2014-15. Other fruits which attained a significant position in exports are banana and mango,” the handbook said.
The credit for this impressive feat goes to Maharashtra, followed by Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka and Madhya Pradesh.
Also, small districts like Aurangabad, Jalgaon and Sangli in (Maharashtra), Chittoor and Anantapur (Andhra Pradesh), Baramula (Jammu and Kashmir), Nalgonda (Telangana), Sagar and Shahdol (Madhya Pradesh) shone on India’s fruit map in 2012-2013.
China occupied the top position in fruit production with 154.364 million tonnes (MT) in 2013.
India at second position with 82.631 MT, was followed by Brazil with 37.774 MT, USA with 26.986 MT, Spain with 17.699 MT and Mexico with 17.553 MT.