It is believed that the Western Ghats were formed during the breakup of the supercontinent Gondwana around 150 million years ago. The range extends from the Satpura Range in the north, stretching from Gujarat to Tamil Nadu; it extends to the states of Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka and Kerala. The Western Ghats meet the Eastern Ghats at Nilgiris, Tamil Nadu.
In Maharashtra and Karnataka, the range is known as Sahyadri; the highest peak of the Ghats is Anaimudi (2,695 m) in Eravikulam National Park, Kerala
The Western Ghats are one of the four watersheds of India that feed its many rivers. From here originate the Godavari, Kaveri, Krishna, Tungabhadra and Thamiraparani; there are also several famous waterfalls in the range. Various man-made lakes and reservoirs have also been built.
The Western Ghats are also home to various tribes who stayed cut off from the world due to inaccessibility until the arrival of the British, who cleared huge chunks of forest for settlements.
Though man has interfered much with the forests of the Western Ghats, they are still among the ten hottest biodiversity hotspots of the world. The government has established protected areas, biosphere reserves, national parks, forest reserves and wildlife sanctuaries in the Western Ghats.
Among its thousands of inhabitants, 325 globally threatened species also call the Western Ghats their home. It is also important for both Project Elephant and Project Tiger reserves. For those who love to hike, The Western Ghats offer much in terms of sights and sounds.