There is a common saying, “Until the lion learns to write, history will always glorify the hunter”. History is generally a narration of one side of the story; it is a very systematic and deliberate effort. Every power that has ruled over a nation has twisted the facts to suit themselves.
The British twisted, edited and misinterpreted India’s history to advance their causes and made sure that the common man did not learn the correct past. The Mughal rulers have always been glorified by the historians while their cruel acts have been omitted from the school textbooks.
Recently, Raveena Tandon took to Twitter to point out to a big contradiction in her daughter’s history textbook. The chapter was based on the Delhi Sultanate and Mamluk Dynasty that was founded by Qutubbudin in 1206.
So treating the Hindus well means – we should be thankful that Aibak just didn’t massacre Hindus , but only looted and tore down our culture https://t.co/143lnuCJYL
— Raveena Tandon (@TandonRaveena) August 27, 2017
The text reads that Qutubbudin Aibak treated Hindus well and was fondly known as “Lakh Baksh” or the giver of lakhs. However, it further reads that he destroyed Hindu temples and looted them to build mosques and monuments.
Qutubuddin Aibak was from Central Asia and his dynasty is also known as the Slave Dynasty. It was during his reign that the famous Qutub Minar was built in Delhi.
The Mamluk Dynasty founded the roots for Delhi Sultanate and was one of the first to conquer vast areas towards the east of Indus and west of Ganges. Apart from architecture, the dynasty gave Delhi, Begum Razia Sultan, an able, skilled and strong woman who was among the first women Muslim rulers in Asia.
However, it is not unknown that history belongs to the victorious. Hence, it is often distorted as it is simply a narration.
A couple of years ago, it was pointed out that an NCERT history textbook for class 6 had imposed the idea that the Harappans were Hindus. The terracotta figurine that was excavated from the site in Pakistan was photographed with vermilion on its head and other figurines were captioned as Shivalinga, swastika and a banyan tree. However, the truth is that the religion of the Harappan people remains unknown as they worshiped nature and did not believe in idol worship.
With rapidly changing times, textbooks must stop imposing the ideas of a particular faith/political ideology and allow the children to come to their own conclusions. History must be taught in a very unbiased, neutral way so that students can conclude using their own wisdom and understanding.