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Parliament’s Acrhitecture Based On Design Of Madhya Pradesh’s Chausath Yogini Temple

Published on 7 July, 2017 at 12:00 pm By

The Parliament, the house where justice is granted, where leaders of tomorrow are born, where the walls hold secrets of histories and bricks have bonded the country, situated in New Delhi was built in 1927.
There have been agitations outside it, there have been heated discussions inside it, there have been protests for fair judgement, there have been celebrations of victory, yet this house holds the strongest family of members which govern the country and make it stand on its own. This house has seen the tireless work of Nehru and Jinnah and Ambedkar.

Indian Parliament, New Delhi. Wikimedia Commons

 

A place which breathes a sense of nation building and integrity traces its architecture back to the 10th century AD. We expect nothing but the best from it.
The Parliament of India was designed by Edwin Lutyen and Herbert Baker in 1927. The architecture of the building bears close resemblance to Indian tradition. The layout both inside-outside and use of chhajjas and jaalis reminds one of the craftsmanship displayed in ancient monuments and memorials.

Thus, the new Parliament House became a mere replica of the 64-Yogini temple with slight modifications like pillars on the outer periphery. 

Chausath Yogini Temple, Jabalpur. Wikimedia Commons


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The circular temple complex boasts of 64 chambers each housing a shivalinga while the central compound has a colossal shrine with a shivalinga within.  This temple is under the governance of the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) which keeps strict monitoring on it after several shrines were stolen from it.

Temples were architectural celebration of sensuality and fertility that challenged the monastic sterility of Buddhist viharas. In fact, a thousand years ago, before the building of the grand temple complexes of India dedicated to male deities such as Vishnu and Shiva, India saw temples exclusively dedicated to womanhood,  the circular temples of the yoginis.

Standing to its glory. Wikimedia Commons



 

This temple stands on a very firm ground of liberating women. In a time when women were considered prostitutes and servers, the term yogini referred to female attendant of the mother goddess, who slays illusion with fiery passion through insight and liberation. If inferior then only to another woman and no one else.
This temple is a complex yet simple piece of art where 150 steps built to reach it. Situated on the Nandi hills, it is dedicated to lord Shiva and Parvati who are seen riding on Nandi. The temple is built in circular motion where 64 shrines are placed, each dedicated to a different yogini.
Our Parliament’s basic design is inspired from this temple and we cannot be more proud knowing that our country has progresses so much yet attached to its spiritual roots.

Wikimedia Commons

 

Though there are several self-claimed yogis in our temple (parliament), its time for yoginis to make their presence felt, too.


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