More than half of India’s population are under 35 years old. Certainly, they make up the world’s largest ever cohort of like-minded young people. India’s youth is full of energy and talent, but sadly issues like a lack of jobs, competition, poverty, and education, still nag them. A survey conducted by market research company Ipsos revealed that India’s youth remain among the world’s most optimistic about current and future prospects. Nearly 78 per cent of Indian youth felt that their generation will have a more positive impact on the world than their parents. Here in this post we’ll take a look at top 10 headlines of 2018 that affected India’s youth.
2018 was a big year for youth of the country. The year will go down in history as a year that saw many significant developments in India. The most significant were some path-breaking verdicts from Supreme Court of India. Take a look at some big stories of the year that in some form or the other affected the youth of the country.
1. Adultery no longer a crime in India
In a landmark judgement, the Supreme Court ruled that adultery is not a criminal offence. In its verdict, a five-judge bench of the court also struck down the century-old law which was introduced during the time of the British. Adultery will now be not be a criminal offence but can be treated as a civil wrong for the dissolution of marriage.
2. Sabarimala verdict
In a landmark verdict, the Supreme Court allowed women, of all age groups, entry into Kerala’s Sabarimala temple. The verdict broke the temple’s age-old tradition of restricting menstruating women from entering its premises. But despite the SC verdict, many religious groups asked women of menstrual age to refrain from undertaking pilgrimages to the Lord Ayyappa Temple.
3. Cabinet strengthens POCSO Act
The Centre has approved amendments to the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act, thus making the law more strong in the country. These include the provision of death penalty when the child is under 12 years and when a penetrative sexual assault is committed. The act brought punishments for sexual assaults on boys on a par with those against girls. This action by government certainly is one among the top 10 headlines of 2018.
4. Striking down Section 377
In a landmark ruling, the Supreme Court decriminalized gay sex. With this, India joined the league of 125 other countries where homosexuality is legal. A five-judge constitution bench decriminalized part of the 158-year-old colonial law under Section 377 of the IPC. The top court said it violated the rights to equality.
5. Upholding Aadhaar, although not entirely
In another ruling, the Supreme Court listed out a host of services for which linking of Aadhaar is not mandatory. The court said Aadhaar is not necessary for school admissions, getting new SIM cards, opening bank accounts, for appearing in CBSE, NET and UGC exams, and for private companies.
6. Lok Prahari vs Union of India
Ensuring free and fair elections and to tighten the screws on dishonest politicians, the Supreme Court ruled that candidates contesting polls are obliged to reveal not only the source of their income but also that of their wife and children. The court accepted the notion that source must also come under public scrutiny so that the public can investigate and verify whether their properties were amassed legally or not.
7. Mob violence in India
The top court asked states and union territories to implement its verdict which said that “lynching and mob violence of any kind shall invite serious consequences under the law”. The court also held that any person or organisation, inciting such action, would pay for loss of life or damage to public property, besides facing criminal proceedings. This important decision has all the elements to make it to list of top 10 headlines of 2018 that affected India’s youth.
8. Clean chit to Rafale deal
In 2018, the French-built fighter aircraft, Rafale, kicked up a political dust storm in India. The Opposition attacked the Narendra Modi government of signing the deal with France’s Dassault Aviation to purchase 36 Rafale fighter jets, and said the jets were overpriced and also promoted crony capitalism. Meanwhile, the plane delivery schedule is on track and the Indian Air Force is expected to get the first aircraft in September 2019.
9. Live streaming of court proceedings
In order to push greater transparency in the judicial system, the Supreme Court gave its nod to live-streaming of court proceedings of cases of constitutional and national importance, barring those involving juveniles, cases of sexual assault, and matrimonial issues. The Centre was directed to frame rules for this and said the project will be carried out in phases.
10. Firecracker ban
In another important verdict, the Supreme Court refused to impose a nationwide blanket ban on sale of firecrackers. The court allowed only ‘green firecrackers’ (which are less polluting) to be sold. At the same time, the court also banned the online sale of firecrackers and put a stay on e-commerce portals from selling them.
Naturally, these decisions had their implications on the life of the Indian youths. So, what do you think about these verdicts? Let us know in the comments below.