Madan Mohan Malaviya has finally been bestowed with the recognition he rightly deserves. Like they say – der aaye, pat durust aaye. Very few Indians know about this stalwart. He deserves to be known.
Here are 20 facts about Bharat Ratna Madan Mohan Malaviya that we Indians should know about:
1. Gandhi gave him the designation of Mahamana
Mahamana = The Great One.
And he is the only Indian to have been given that sort of designation. Gandhi also gave him the title – ‘Maker of India.’
2. The 2nd President of India called him a Karam Yogi
Karam Yogi = The one who selflessly engages in work
It was Dr Radhakrishnan who gave him that title.
For those of you who don’t know, Teachers’ Day in India is celebrated on the birthday of Dr Radhakrishnan.
3. He convinced the British Government to introduce the Devanagri script in courts
This is considered to be his greatest achievement of all times.
4. Madan Mohan Malaviya was born on 25th December in Allahabad in 1861
He shares his birthday with Atal Bihari Vajpayee. And Jesus.
5. Mohan wanted to pursue MA in Sanskrit, but obliged by family conditions he took up Bhagavat Recital
Bhagavat recital was a family profession and he could latch on to it easily. The family could not afford his education. He completed his BA from University of Calcutta only after he was granted a monthly scholarship from Harrison College’s Principal.
He finally took up the job of a school teacher.
6. It was Mohan who made the dictum ‘Satyamev Jayate’ really popular
Satyamev Jayate – Truth Alone Triumphs – is now the National Motto of the Govt. of India.
Thank Madan Mohan Malviya for that.
7. He was elected the president of Indian National Congress on four occasions
That was in 1909, 1918, 1930 and 1932.
8. Saved Hindustan Times newspaper from its demise
Madan Mohan Malaviya along with national leaders Lala Lajpat Rai and industrialists Ghanshyam Das Birla acquired Hindustan Times and saved it from its demise.
9. Founded ‘The Leader’ – an English Daily in 1909
10. He left Congress in 1934, but continued to remain one of the most prominent educationists of his time
11. He was strongly against cow slaughter
12. A Hindu Nationalist who worked for Hindu Muslim unity
Malaviya delivered two famous speeches on communal harmony (Lahore in 1922 & Kanpur in 1931).
13. The concept of Boy Scouts was actually perceived by him
He encouraged all countrymen to switch to singing Vande Mataram, instead of the British National Anthem
14. He auctioned ‘a shoe hurled at him’ to found Banaras Hindu University
Malaviya asked the Nizam for funds who in turn hurled at a shoe at him in his darbaar. Malviya calmy picked the shoe, went outside and started auctioning it in the market.
To avoid shame, Nizam called Malviya back and offered the funds for establishing BHU, one of the oldest and finest educational institutions in the country.
15. Expelled from the Brahmin community for his views on cast discrimination
Like this self-made leader, journalist, lawyer & educationist cared about that.
16. Defended the 177 accused in the Chauri Chaura riots case; saved 153 from the gallows
He was a qualified lawyer of the Allahabad High Court
17. He actually opposed Gandhi on the issue of electorate and Khilafat movement
18. The Ganga Aarti at Har Ki Pouri was encouraged by him
19. There is a small island in river Ganga, which is named Malaviya Dweep
20. Madan Mohan had warned Gandhi not to accept Independence at the cost of a partition
Gandhi did not pay heed to his advice