20 Things We Must Know About Madan Mohan Malaviya

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3:26 pm 2 Jan, 2015


Madan Mohan Malaviya has finally been bestowed with the recognition he rightly deserves. Like they say – der aaye, pat durust aaye. Very few Indians know about this stalwart. He deserves to be known.

Here are 20 facts about Bharat Ratna Madan Mohan Malaviya that we Indians should know about:


1. Gandhi gave him the designation of Mahamana

Mahamana = The Great One.

gandhi n madan mohan malaviya

img source: firstpost
Mahatma Gandhicalled himself Malaviya’s devotee saying his patriotism flowed like the uninterrupted Ganga.

And he is the only Indian to have been given that sort of designation. Gandhi also gave him the title – ‘Maker of India.’


2. The 2nd President of India called him a Karam Yogi

Karam Yogi = The one who selflessly engages in work

It was Dr Radhakrishnan who gave him that title.

Karam Yogi-Madan-Mohan-Malviya

For those of you who don’t know, Teachers’ Day in India is celebrated on the birthday of Dr Radhakrishnan.


3. He convinced the British Government to introduce the Devanagri script in courts

This is considered to be his greatest achievement of all times.


img source: darpanmagazine

4. Madan Mohan Malaviya was born on 25th December in Allahabad in 1861

He shares his birthday with Atal Bihari Vajpayee. And Jesus.

madan mohan first day cover

img source: indianstampghar

5. Mohan wanted to pursue MA in Sanskrit, but obliged by family conditions he took up Bhagavat Recital

Bhagavat recital was a family profession and he could latch on to it easily. The family could not afford his education. He completed his BA from University of Calcutta only after he was granted a monthly scholarship from Harrison College’s Principal.


img source: outlookindia

He finally took up the job of a school teacher.


6. It was Mohan who made the dictum ‘Satyamev Jayate’ really popular

Satyamev Jayate – Truth Alone Triumphs – is now the National Motto of the Govt. of India.

Thank Madan Mohan Malviya for that.


Satyamev Jayate and Madan Mohan

7. He was elected the president of Indian National Congress on four occasions

That was in 1909, 1918, 1930 and 1932.

madan mohan president of congress

8. Saved Hindustan Times newspaper from its demise

Madan Mohan Malaviya along with national leaders Lala Lajpat Rai and industrialists Ghanshyam Das Birla acquired Hindustan Times and saved it from its demise.

madan mohan chairman of ht

9. Founded ‘The Leader’ – an English Daily in 1909

Madan Mohan - English Daily in 1909

img source: ebaystatic

10. He left Congress in 1934, but continued to remain one of the most prominent educationists of his time

madan mohan esteemed MP till 1961

img source: pib


11. He was strongly against cow slaughter

madan mohan against cow slaughter

12. A Hindu Nationalist who worked for Hindu Muslim unity

Malaviya delivered two famous speeches on communal harmony (Lahore in 1922 & Kanpur in 1931).

madan mohan worked for Hindu Muslim unity

13. The concept of Boy Scouts was actually perceived by him

He encouraged all countrymen to switch to singing Vande Mataram, instead of the British National Anthem

madan mohan and boy scout concept

14. He auctioned ‘a shoe hurled at him’ to found Banaras Hindu University

Malaviya asked the Nizam for funds who in turn hurled at a shoe at him in his darbaar. Malviya calmy picked the shoe, went outside and started auctioning it in the market.

To avoid shame, Nizam called Malviya back and offered the funds for establishing BHU, one of the oldest and finest educational institutions in the country.

Banaras Hindu University

15. Expelled from the Brahmin community for his views on cast discrimination

Like this self-made leader, journalist, lawyer & educationist cared about that.

cast discrimination

img source: bbcimg

16. Defended the 177 accused in the Chauri Chaura riots case; saved 153 from the gallows

He was a qualified lawyer of the Allahabad High Court

Chauri Chaura riots case

17. He actually opposed Gandhi on the issue of electorate and Khilafat movement

khilafat movement-1919

img source: slidesharecdn

18. The Ganga Aarti at Har Ki Pouri was encouraged by him

Ganga Aarti by madan mohan

img source: trekearth

19. There is a small island in river Ganga, which is named Malaviya Dweep

Malaviya Dweep

20. Madan Mohan had warned Gandhi not to accept Independence at the cost of a partition

Gandhi did not pay heed to his advice

Final agreement of Partition

img source: deeplythinking
Final agreement of Partition between concerned bodies with Mountbatten being the moderator