The scientific works of this English naturalist are not just famous but also pathbreaking in the knowledge they have to share with the world on the wild kingdom. Charles Darwin is best known for his work ‘On the origin of species’ which brings to light the theory of evolution and his own observations during his field experiments in nature. The theory of natural selection remained his most famous work by far, for the common man. But he wrote a series of other interesting works as well, which remain a hot topic today mostly only in the academia. Here are some of his interesting works:
1. ‘On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection’ (1859)
Perhaps one of the best known works in the history of evolution and biology, this piece of work is referred to even today in top journals and researches as the prime source of information for many science related queries. This work talks about a lot of different concepts, including but not limited to genes, change in environments and puts forward a series of evidence to show that living organisms interact with each other and their environment to create constant change in the nature.
2. ‘The Descent of Man’ (1871)
In this interesting work, Darwin explains some of his theories and concepts on the sexual selection habits of man. He lays emphasis on the fact that man is not really very different from the animals and birds, but there is a difference of degree of being “man” and “animal”. There is a reason that we find men of different color around the world and that is because man reproduced differently everywhere and thus the color came out different.
3. ‘The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals’ (1872)
In this work, Darwin talks about the meaning behind certain traits and expressions man shares with his animal ancestors. He gives various examples about how there are animal instincts behind all of our expressions and that these behaviors are more genetically triggered than picked up through nurture.
4. ‘The Structure and Distribution of Coral Reefs’ (1842)
Darwin thought about this and wrote this during his voyage on board the ship the HMS Beagle. It was written exclusively about corals from a geological perspective. He was the man behind the original thought that coral reefs formed islands and that it was related to the activity on the ocean floor in the form of uplifts and movements of plates. The theory is no longer disputed and is used even today in modern investigations.
5. ‘The Power of Movement in Plants’ (1880)
Darwin spoke about plants and the movements of plants’ internal functions. It was a part of the larger theory he advocated for on natural selection, and talks about the wide variety of plant forms and functions and how they relate, or don’t relate, to each other. The book talks about how different plants respond to different types of external stimuli and then narrows down some general principles observed in all the experiments.