If you are an Indian and proud of your heritage, chances are that you have come across the name of famous freedom fighter Jatindra Nath Das.
Hailing from Bengal, the fiery freedom activist had played a pivotal role in India’s struggle for independence before laying down his life for his motherland at the tender age of 24.
On his 88th death anniversary, here are some facts about the life of this daring revolutionary that will help you to know more about Jatin Das, as he came to be known as.
1. Born in 1904 in Calcutta, Jatindra Nath Das’s (fondly known as Jatin Das) became a part of the famous Bengali revolutionary group ‘Anushilan Samiti’ at a tender age
2. Jatin Das participated in Mahatma Gandhi’s Non Co-operation movement in 1921
Jatin was just 17 years old then and had not even completed his graduation
3. Jatin Das was arrested for the first time in 1925
He was a student at Calcutta’s Vidyasagar College, studying for his graduation when he was arrested and imprisoned at the Mymensingh Central Jail, now in Bangladesh.
4. A revolutionary at heart; ill-treatment of the prisoners had Jatin Das protest against the central jail authorities
He went on a hunger strike that lasted for twenty days and only ended it after jail superintendent apologized.
5. Jatin Das was inducted into Hindustan Repulican Association by founder Sachindra Nath Sanyal, who also mentored Bhagat Singh and Chandrasekhar Azad
Sachindra Nath Sanyal taught Jatin Das bomb making and later Jatin worked with Bhagat Singh, making bombs for their revolutionary purposes.
6. On 14 June 1929, he was arrested and imprisoned for his association with the Lahore Conspiracy Case
He was imprisoned along with other revolutionaries, including Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev.
7. Jatin Das, with others, went on a hunger strike to protest the deplorable conditions of the Indian prisoners
The condition of the British prisoners were strikingly different from their Indian counterparts in the Indian jails back in those days.
8. His hunger strike lasted 63 days, forcing the jail committee to recommend his unconditional release
The government, however, rejected the plea and offered to grant him release on bail.
9. Only 24, the fiery revolutionary died on September 13, 1929.
His funeral procession was led by famous revolutionary Durgawati Devi. His body was moved from Lahore to Calcutta by train. At Howrah Railway Station in Calcutta, Jatin Das’s body was received by none other than Subhas Chandra Bose, who led the procession to the cremation ground.
10. On the 50th anniversary of his martyrdom, the Indian Post paid homage to the memory of the young revolutionary by issuing a special postage stamp.