After more than 17 years, India got a new conventional submarine which has been delivered to the Navy and will be commissioned soon. INS Kalvari, the first Scorpene submarine, was handed over to the Navy by Mazagon Docks Ltd on Thursday. The submarine was built in India and a part of technology was taken from France. It is the first of the six submarines being built under Project-75, a Rs.23,652 crore project.
INS Kalvari is named after Tiger Shark, a dreaded deep sea predator and is the first submarine built in India. The submarine is of immense importance for the country as the Navy presently has only 13 submarines out of which only about half of them can be operated at any particular point of time.
The Scorpene submarine project has faced huge time and cost overruns. The INS Kalvari was supposed to be ready by 2012 with the other five being ready by 2017. But now, it is expected that the second one in the lot, INS Khanderi, will be ready only by March next year and the remaining four only by around 2020.
This new submarine will serve as a force multiplier for the Indian navy since it is capable of launching massive attacks through weapons of superb precision. Having a range of 12,000 km, it allows for a wider area of operation. INS Kalvari is presently the stealthiest of submarines in service.
It can make use of torpedoes and also tube-launched anti-ship missiles both from above and below the surface. Apart from all this, it is also well-equipped to enable laying of mines, surveillance, anti-submarine warfare, intelligence gathering and mid-sea reloading through weapon launching tubes.
The addition of INS Kalvari at a time when China is strengthening its presence in the Indian Ocean is a great power booster for India.