India has tasted success in its quest to develop a robust Ballistic Missile Defence (BMD) shield.
From a defence base off Odisha coast, India successfully test-fired its homegrown Advanced Air Defence (AAD) interceptor missile.
The AAD missile, dubbed as Ashwin, intercepted a target, which was a hostile Ballistic Missile approaching from more than 2000 km away, mid-air.
It destroyed the incoming missile in the endo-atmospheric region at a low altitude of less than 30 km.
“Both, the PDV interceptor and the two stage target missile, were successfully engaged,” a Defence Research Development Organisation (DRDO) official said.
“The test conducted to validate various parameters of the interceptor in flight mode has been successful,” he added.
The operated was automated and a radar based detection and tracking system successfully detected and tracked the enemy’s ballistic missile.
The projected trajectory of the incoming Ballistic Missile was calculated on the basis of data received from radars.
The interceptor missile was guided by high accuracy Inertial Navigation System (INS) supported by a Redundant Micro Navigation System moved towards the estimated point of the interception.
Once the missile crossed the atmosphere, the Heat Shield ejected and the IR Seeker dome opened to look at the Target location as designated by the Mission Computer.
With the help of Inertial Guidance and IR Seeker the missile moved for interception. All events were monitored in real-time by the Telemetry/Range Stations, at various other locations.
This means India is inching towards the capability to destroy any incoming missile from China and Pakistan endo-atmosphere at altitudes of 20-40 kilometers (12-24 miles).
India began developing a multi-tiered ballistic missile defense (BMD) system in 1999, after the end of the Kargil War in reaction to Pakistan’s growing missile arsenal.