Isa is unlike Azhar. He leads a group whose president Yang Jianli was among the student protesters calling for democracy at Tiananmen Square in 1989. China’s violent response is known to all.
In 1997, Isa fled China for the West and sought asylum in Germany, where he has been living ever since. There are only two countries where Isa’s entry is not allowed – Taiwan and South Korea.
China has been using a mix of force and demographic gerrymandering to curb ethnic tensions in Xinjiang region. The Muslim-dominated region has been at odds with the communist Chinese government which curbs religious rights.