We all beam with pride and emotions when we listen to our national anthem, ‘Jana Gana Mana’. It beautifully unites all people of the country regardless of caste, color and creed. On the same lines, ‘Subh Sukh Chain’ was written as the national anthem of Provisional Government of India.
Many of us are unaware of this song but it holds great significance in the freedom movement of India. It was written by Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose with the help of Mumtaz Hussain, a writer with the Azad Hind Radio and Colonel Abid Hassan Saffrani of the INA. They rewrote Rabindranath Tagore’s Bengali poem ‘Jana Gana Mana’ into ‘Subh Sukh Chain’ to be used as the national anthem.
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose was a visionary and a pioneer leader of the Indian freedom movement. He founded the Indian National Academy (INA). To inspire the force and fill them with zeal and enthusiasm, and keeping in mind the condition of soldiers who had to fight till the end and not give up at any point, he prepared this song.
Abid Hasan Safranin was born with the name Zain-al-Abdin Hasan but after joining INA he adopted “Saffrani” as his last name after the color saffron to mark the communal harmony and patriotism that blessed him. He served as Bose’s personal secretary and interpreter while Bose was in Germany. Due to his interest in Urdu and language interpretation, he was a huge help in the creation of ‘Subh Sukh Chain’.
Netaji came down to the then INA broadcasting station at the Cathay Building in Singapore and talked to Capt. Ram Singh Thakur to compose music for a song translated from Tagore’s original. He asked him to give the song a martial tune that would not put people to sleep but awaken those who were sleeping.
Capt. Ram Singh Thakuri was an Indian Gorkha fighter. He was also a composer and musician of patriotic songs such as ‘Kadam Kadam Badhaye Ja’ and ‘Subh Sukh Chain’. Despite being in the army, he didn’t leave his passion for music and his band was invited to play the National Anthem on the occasion of the Prime Minister’s inaugural address to the nation at the Red Fort in 1947.
The National Anthem of the INA continues to infuse a spirit of patriotism among millions of our countrymen and remind us to serve the nation.
Watch this beautiful video of ‘Subh Sukh Chain’ which students of the New Era School (Mumbai) have sung. The voice of young generation with lyrics by a historical leader makes it even more mesmerizing.