Ever heard of Faecal Sludge? It is the by-product of on-site sanitation facilities. Faecal Sludge is basically the raw or partially digested faeces that is accumulated in storage facilities in on-site sanitation installations such as pit latrines, septic tanks, and dry toilets.
The management of faecal sludge is an area largely ignored by most developing countries, including India. But now, no more.
The Ministry of Urban Development is planning to plug this gap between sewerage infrastructure and sewage.
The ministry aims to come up with a detailed plan of action to address the largely ignored faecal sludge management as part of its National Policy on Faecal Sludge and Septage Management (FSSM).
For this purpose, the ministry is inviting comments and feedback from the people, including civil societies, to ensure that the policy made by the MUD actually addresses all the issues.
In major cities, huge treatment plants are regularly fed the waste through a network of underground pipelines. Building such a vast sewerage network and treatment infrastructure is costly.
In the absence of proper sewerage network, especially in smaller towns and cities, only around 40 per cent of the total waste generated in India per day is treated. At the same time, there are around 48 per cent of urban households which depend on on-site facilities. This means that the faecal sludge accumulated in the pit and septic tanks remain untreated.