Who made India a nuclear power? Which organization is to be credited for atomic energy research in India? It’s BARC – Bhabha Atomic Research Center.
That’s comparable to the amount of money spent on producing some Bollywood movies now!
This one, for example, incurred a production cost of more than 150 crores.
From Designing of reactors, modeling, risk analysis and simulation, it all happens here. Just another day at work!
Scientists at that time were brought in from Tata Institute of Fundamental Research.
nuclearweaponarchive.orgCaption: Pt Nehru and Homi J. Bhabha
The name was changed to BARC (Bhabha Atomic Research Center) to honor Homi J. Bhabha.
Homi J. Bhabha– Father of Indian Nuclear Program – was visiting India in 1939 on a holiday. He chose to stay back and revive its fortunes in nuclear energy.
Homi J. Bhabha got recognition initially after he devised the correct expression for scattering electrons, by the process he devised, called Bhabha scattering.
There are assassination conspiracy theories still doing the rounds that the plane by which Bhabha was travelling was brought down by the CIA. Only a bag with unimportant documents was found from the site. Rest went missing.
Earlier, the first power reactors were brought in from the USA. India is now fully equipped to carry on research and designing of nuclear reactors independently.
Apsara in 1956 was the first reactor. The picture below shows Apsara, CIRUS (another reactor provided by Canada), and a plutonium processing facility.
India used the spent fuel (Converted into Plutonium) from CIRUS for 1st nuclear test in 1974.
You can thank Canada for the CIRUS and USA for heavy water. Though they pretty much hated what India did back then.
No offence to some really-good people working there.
That is the flipside of atomic energy. Source: RTIIndia
Investigations revealed that the deaths were either due to family problems or prolonged illness. Sad but true.
It’s INS Arihant – The Slayer of Enemies! And it’s made-in-India.
The submarine can go untraced from one end of Indian Ocean to the other without being traced and it increases India’s second strike capability. Needless to mention, India has no-first policy for nuclear warfare.
Yes, and 3 varieties of mustard, 2 of soybean, 8 of greengram, 5 of blackgram and so on!
The recently released large seed mutant varieties benefited many farmers, traders and exporters by virtue of their earliness, moderate seed dormancy and superior productivity.
They will be fully equipped to handle the crop diversification needs of the state. High yielding varieties of potatoes, sugarcane and maize will be processed here.
Dhruva reactor is the most significant achievement of BARC till date. This flux reactor is totally designed, commissioned and constructed by Indians. The reactor actually uses uranium as fuel and heavy water for a coolant.
More than a 1,000 companies all over India have already adopted this new technology, and more are ready to make a go for it. This tool enables companies to detect fluoride levels in water, in order to protect people from related diseases.
Despite the tight budgets, babudom, not-so-serious successive governments and lack of support from foreign countries, BARC did actually manage to put atoms in the service of nation.
Salutes to all those people at BARC who worked tirelessly over the years to achieve one milestone after another!