Face-analysis appears to be the next big thing advanced technology. Developing of artificial intelligence algorithms that do a facial analysis to detect a person’s interests, professions, to identify whether a person is terrorist or not, the world is seeing great inventions in facial recognition technology.
And Michal Kosinski’s latest invention to detect the sexual preference of people through facial analysis is seemingly one of the most important (and dangerous) inventions so far.
A professor at Stanford Graduate School of Business, Dr. Kosinki was so interested in facial analysis studies that he decided to demonstrate that it was possible to use facial recognition analysis to detect something intimate, something “people should have full rights to keep private.”
A draft of his study “A.I. Gaydar” was recently posted online and has since then become a major point of debate. The research suggests that machines can have essentially better “gaydar” that humans.
This study, which found that a computer algorithm could correctly distinguish between gay and straight men 81% of the time, and 74% for women, has essentially raised a flurry of questions on physiognomy – the biological origins of sexual orientation and ethics of facial-detection technology.
The study, published in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, is based on a data of 35,000 facial images that men and women publicly posted on a US dating website. Kosinki and Yilun Wang, his co-researcher, apparently extracted features from photographs using “deep neutral networks”, a sophisticated mathematical system that learns to analyze visuals based on a large set of data.
According to the research, homosexual people tend to have “gender-atypical” features, “grooming style” and expressions, which prompt the gay men to act more on the feminine side and the gay women to be more on the masculine side.
While the human judges performed quite badly compared to the algorithm, being able to identify people with just 61% accuracy for men and just 54% for women, the software was exceptionally successful in recognizing gay men and women with a whopping 91% and 83% accuracy for men and women respectively. Thereafter, the authors wrote in the report –
“Faces contain much more information about sexual orientation than can be perceived and interpreted by the human brain.”
However, this study was limited only to homosexuals and heterosexuals, bisexuals or transgenders were not part of the study. Moreover, the study was limited to white skinned people, as, according to the researchers, it is hard to analyse the facial features of people with color.
While the subject marks one-of-a-kind progression of science and technology, nevertheless, it is regarded as derogatory and regressive to many. Countries, where homosexuality is labelled as crime, may use this technology to detect people and curb their freedom of expression. The technology if used by spouses to identify if their partners are closet gays, or by teenagers using the algorithm on themselves or their peers could prove very dangerous for society.
According to Kosinski, the study may absolutely damage his reputation but he has no regrets whatsoever. The reason was well-etched out by him in his question –
“The question is, can you live with yourself if you knew it’s possible and you didn’t let anyone know?”