The north-eastern state of Arunachal Pradesh has been demanding a separate time zone for over a decade now and on June 12 their Chief Minister Pema Khandu once again reiterated their demand to the central government.
The leaders from the north-eastern region on June 12 argued that a separate time zone would increase daylight savings and efficiency for the citizens of the state, as at present early sunrise in Arunachal means that by the time they start their day there, almost half the day has already passed.
What is more early sunrise means an early sunset which thus requires them to use extra lights in both homes, offices and public places.
Arguing for the state CM Khandu said “We get up as early as 4 am. Several daylight hours are wasted as government offices open only at 10 am and close at 4 pm.”
Khandu is not the first Arunachal CM who has raised this demand, before him, former Chief Minister Tarun Gogoi also raised the same issue.
One must note that Arunachal is essentially demanding for daylight saving which is already followed in many countries in Europe, North America and other parts of the world.
Under daylight saving the northeastern states will be allowed to advance their clocks for few months by a fixed time (0.5-1 hour approx) to save them daylight hours and then allowed to reset it after few months with the change of season.
What this move will do is that it would give the people living in these areas a perception that time has slowed down and it would mean a delayed sunset for them. This, in turn, will allow them to make use of added daylight hours.
How time zones work:
Earth is divided into 360 vertical lines known as longitudes and a shift in every longitude gives a time difference of approximately four minutes and every 15-degree shift in longitudinal results in a time difference of about an hour.
One must note that India is spread over areas wider than the one-hour longitude mark and thus some areas see early sunrise and sunset and the opposite extreme ends see them late.
The longitudinal difference between Kibithu (India’s easternmost point) in Arunachal Pradesh and the westernmost point Gugariyana, Gujarat is is almost 30 degrees which means a time difference of two hours.
But India instead prefers to keep a single time zone all across the country.