26th January is one of the most prestigious days of the national calendar and is acknowledged as the Republic Day of India. This celebrated occasion is of national importance as it reflects back the sacrifices made to make our country a sovereign republic. This day is renowned as a tribute to the freedom fighters from the national history and an honor to all the heroic soldiers defending the peace and harmony of the nation. However, there are some unknown interesting Republic Day facts about that aren’t popular among the citizens of India.
8. Facts from History
Although, India got independence on 15th August 1947, 26th January is remembered as Puran Sawraj in nation’s history, the day on which the Indian Constitution came into effect. Inspired from the constitutional laws of Ireland, Indian Constitution is regarded as one of the best constitutions in the world that has ninety four amendments touching every society of the country equally.
7. Forming the Constitution
Formation of the constitution began on 19th December 1946 and the constitution assembly had leaders from various parts of the country. Because the national constitution wasn’t ready by the time of independence, the constitution assembly requested Lord Mountbatten to serve as the Governor General of India for the mean time. However, the final constitution was adopted on 26th November 1949 after 114 sittings under the chairmanship of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar.
6. Things You Should Know About the Constitution
It took nearly 2 years 11 months and 17 days for the constitutional assembly to design the Constitution of India and came into legal transmission at 10:18 AM on the 26th of January, 1950. The final copy of Indian Constitution was a handwritten copy written both in Hindi and English. The Constitution of India has various amendments influenced from the Canadian, Australian, German, French and Irish constitutions.
5. Constitutional Assembly
The Indian Constitution was written both in Hindi and English, which was signed by 248 members of the assembly. Some of the most renowned names of the constitutional assembly included Dr. Rajendra Parsad, Shri Alladi Krishnaswamy Ayyar, Shri N Gopalaswami Ayyangar, Shri K M Mushi, Shri Saiyid Mohd Saadulla, Shri B L Mitter and Shri D.P. Khaitan.
4. Honoring Soldiers
On this prestigious day, the Prime Minister of India visits Amar Jawan Jyoti to pay homage to the courageous soldiers who sacrificed their lives for nation’s independence. Moreover, during the republic day celebrations, the valiant soldiers of India are honored with awards like Ashoka Chakra, Kirti Chakra, Param Veer Chakra, Veer Chakra and Maha Veer Chakra by the honorable President of India.
3. Beating Retreat
The republic day is celebrated for three days that begins with the honoring ceremonies of 26th January and is brought to end with the Beating Retreat. This ceremony takes place at The Victory Square at 6:00 IST. The ceremony brings out the emotions of patriotism with the bands from Armed Forces (Indian Navy, Indian Army and Indian Air Force) playing the famous tune ‘Abide with me’ during the whole ceremony. The popular Beating Retreat song “Abide by me’ is a Christmas carol and was really like by Mahatma Gandhi.
2. Honorable President
As the honorable President of India unfurls the national flag on this celebrated day, a 21 gun salute is presented as guard of honor with harmonic national anthem. After the national anthem, the honorable President addresses the nation and evokes the duties every citizen has for the country. During the whole ceremony, the honorable President is accompanied by Chief Guests who are diplomats from various countries of the world.
1. Republic Day Parade
Republic day celebrations remain incomplete until the armed forces show signs of their defensive power during parades. Various battalions and protective technologies are exhibited while the Air Forces fill the sky with tri colors of the national flag during the Republic Day Parade. Moreover, cultural troops from various parts of the country march across the Rajpath screening the diversity of the country.