Whenever we talk of early civilizations, the names of Egyptian, Harappan and Mesopotamian Civilizations instantly come to our minds. But if we ponder at it closely, we’d see that apart from their names and their area, we hardly know much about them today. So, here’s a list dedicated to the ancient city of Mohenjo-daro, a “hustling and bustling” city in the era of Harappan Civilization, located in modern day Sind (the “Punjab” area of India and Pakistan). Let’s make an attempt to know some of the interesting facts about the city—
7. Discovery of Mohenjo-daro
Regarded as one of the earliest modern city of the world, this “hustling and bustling” town was built as early as the 26th century BCE; however, the funny thing about it is this that it was as recently as 1921 that the first team of archeologists visited the site in expectation of finding a lost city. And, the excavation work had gone on till almost just 4 decades back—1964!
6. The Origin of the Name Mohenjo-daro
As weird as the name might seem, its meaning just gets weirder and of course, creepier. Mohenjo-daro means the “Hill of the Dead” or the “Mound of the Dead” in Sindhi. Although the original name of the city is yet to be deciphered, the analysis of an ancient seal of Mohenjo Daro suggests its ancient Dravidian name—Kukkutarma (where “ma” means city while “kukkuta” means cockerel). According to many archeologists, this land might have been the earliest diffusion point of domestication of chicken!
5. Architectural Patterns That Make For the Planned City
If you visit now even the “planned” cities, you would see a lot of shanties and “kutcha” houses coming up in the threshold, but such wasn’t the case with houses in Mohenjo-daro. The city’s planning was based on street grid of rectilinear houses which were made, not of clay and thatch, but of fired and mortared bricks on wooden structures! Besides, there were proper and systematic disposal of waste water too, and the drains which ran across the streets were all covered for hygienic purposes. Hello politicians, are you listening?!
4. The Great Granary
Today we might try to think of newer ways of conservation of food grains and such alike stuff, things were actually swifter and more scientific back in those days! With numerous wall division created in a giant superstructure made of wood, the granary even had numerous air ducts to allow the grains to air dry and be bereft of extreme moisture. However, due to lack of proper evidence, many archaeologists term this place as an assembly hall.
3. The Great Bath
This is one of the most amazing things about the city—the Great Bath is the name given to a 8 feet deep, 23 feet wide and 39 feet long bathing pool built with waterproof bricks! That, after a pool bath, you take a proper bath is necessary was perfectly known to our ancestors; and, it was with this vision that they had created numerous small changing rooms surrounding the great bath, with an attached bathroom to each room!
Well, we all love to wear beaded jewelry made of fascinating precious stones in myriad colors, don’t we? But, you would be surprised to know that our ancestors too thought alike! Historians and archeologists have excavated beautiful silver pieces adorned with colorful stones like agate, red carnelian, emerald and lapis lazuli among others. They used to wear not only earrings, finger rings, necklaces, bracelets, but also other body decorations too!
1. Art and Craft
It’s quite an astonishing fact that our earliest predecessors were as adept in manufacturing stuff out of copper as they were expert in shell and ivory carving. Other than that, terracotta pottery, production of stone and lapidary tools, stoneware bangles, glazed faience ornaments too were made by them like the new age experts! They also had seal manufacturing workshops spread over a restricted area.