The founder of the radio – Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose is regarded as one of the best scientists in India. He was born in the year 1858 and died at the age of 78 in the year 1937. A scholar, scientist, professor and writer, Bose invented the radio waves as we all know, but was also father to many inventions. There are many things you probably did not know about Bose starting from his discoveries to his experiences as an Indian pursuing higher studies during the British rule. Here is a list of interesting things you did not know about Bose:
6. He Was The Inventor Of The Crescograph
Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose was the inventor of a machine called the Crescograph, through which he could analyze and understand the conduction of various stimuli in plants. That plants have life and are similar to animals in many ways was discovered by him. He made use of chemical experiments to verify his claims on the electric nature of conduction of these stimuli in plants. He had said later on that plants feel pain and have the ability to understand affection.
5. He Was Subject To Racism As A Professor
As was the usual practice – Indians faced a lot of flak when it came to being at par with their British counterparts. Jagadish Chandra Bose was appointed as a professor in Presidency College, Calcutta after he returned from London ordered by Lord Ripon. But he was paid lesser than his British peers who got a monthly salary of Rs. 300 against his Rs. 200. He subsequently denied taking his salary from the college. It is said that after the college took notice of this they ordered to make his job permanent and pay his pending salary. He actually got back the exact salary together.
4. Conducted Experiments And Research In A Tiny Room
This was again due to the racist slur meted out towards him. The other professors denied access of laboratories to him and he was bound to conduct his research at his place. He allegedly worked in a 24 sq. ft room, which is really inadequate for conducting scientific experiments. Sister Nivedita once said about him that she was horrified to find the way in which a great worker could be subjected to continuous annoyance and petty difficulties. The college routine was made as arduous as possible for him so that he could not have the time he needed for investigation.
3. He Is known As The Father Of Bengali Science Fiction
Not only a notable scientist, Jagadish Chandra Bose was the creator of the science fiction genre in the literature of Bengal. Science fiction as a literary genre had not entered the Bengali canon and it was mostly the forte of Westerners. In the year 1986 he published his first book named Niruddesher Kahini, which was the first major work of Bengali science fiction. One of his famous stories is named Palatak Tuphan. It is based on the butterfly-effect theory; how a drop from a bottle of oil rescues a ship from a monstrous storm. As is rightly said about him – he was almost 60 years ahead of his age.
2. He Studied At The Best Places In India And Abroad
As is obvious, Jagadish Chandra Bose was an excellent student. He studied in Hare School in Kolkata and later joined St. Xavier’s College under the University of Calcutta, a celebrated educational institution in Kolkata. He wanted to pursue his medical studies abroad at the University of London, but could not go there due to health problems. He was then admitted to the Christ’s College under the University of Cambridge. He studied Natural Science there and got a Master Degree as well as a Tripos. Education really makes a man.
1. Had The Best Students And The Best Awards
His students were the equally famous and successful scientists Meghnad Saha and Satyendra Nath Bose. They were not only successful in Bengal, but are acclaimed worldwide for their discoveries. Jagadish Chandra Bose was a Fellow at the Royal Society (FRS), a Knight Bachelor (he is sometimes addressed as Acharya Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose), a Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire (CIE) and a Companion of the Order of the Star in India (CSI).