The cultural difference between South and North India is so obvious, that you feel they belong to two different continents. The divide between North and South India is seen in its culture, traditions, music, dance, geography, and politics. The long sea-coast of the South India has seen the emergence of coastal lifestyle, which is absent in the Northern Hemisphere. Unfortunately, though all of them are the citizens of India, often they look down upon each other. Where South Indians consider Northerners to be proud, and undisciplined, spoiled brats; the Northerners consider people from south to be narrow minded, backward people who do not connect with the rest of the country. Here are the 6 cultural differences between South and North India that stand out bluntly.
6. Racial Origins:
North Indians are descendants of the Aryan race; where as the South Indians are descendants of Dravidian race. It was estimated that 72% of Indians are descendants of Aryans whereas 28% are of Dravidians race. The racial difference is visible in their general appearance. The north Indians are taller, stronger, fairer and heavily built when compared to the South Indians, though this may not hold true for all individuals. Recent research is showing indication that the Aryan and Dravidian divide might be just a myth. The slight difference in physical appearance is attributed to adjustment mechanism the Southerners had to make against hotter climates and greater sunshine.
5. Dressing Styles:
There is huge difference in dressing styles of North and South Indians. Whereas the women in north prefer salwar kameez or chudidaar, in south Sari is the preferred attire, especially after marriage. The half- sari which is popular in rural south India is seldom seen in the north. The sparkling white dhoti or colorful lungis, a desired attire of men in south is not popular in northern parts. You have to keep in mind that this dress code is not strictly followed. Every region has a different style in which women wear their saris.
Dravidian language, which evolved nearly 5000 years ago, and spoken by more than 200 million people today; is unrelated to languages of other known families like Indo-European. The languages spoken by North Indian people belong to the Indo-Aryan family which is closely related to modern European languages. Another division seen is that the North Indian languages are inflectional in nature whereas the South Indian languages are agglutinative.
The classical music of India can be widely divided into Hindustani and Carnatic music which originates from north and south respectively. The Hindustani music is highly influenced by foreign invasion whereas the Carnatic Sangeet exhibits regional influences. Carnatic music is not divided into different styles, where as Hindustani music is divided into different styles of schools known as Gharana. The musical instruments used by musicians also vary. While sitar, sarangi, santoor, and table are very popular in north, mridangam, gottuvadyam, violin, veena and jalatarangam are favored in the south.
It is said that dance of north like Kathak, has been highly influenced by the invasion Muslim rulers, while on the other hand, the dances of south like have maintained their originality. Dance being a form of expression of society, the societal differences are bound to influence them. Though the costumes worn by artists of north and south are different, they are all gorgeously colorful and bright. Some popular dance forms of north are – Kathak, Chhau, Gaudiya Nritya, Odissi and Manipuri. Dances that are popular in south are – Bharatanatyam, Kuchipudi, Kathakali and Mohiniyattam.
South Indian food is much spicier and hot than the food served in North India. South Indians consume more rice, while north Indians have wheat as their staple diet. North Indians prepare paratas, chapatti, puri and rotis from wheat flour. Rice is combined with different lentils to prepare dishes like Rice dosas, idlis, vadas and uttapams in south India. Fish and coconut are consumed more by south Indians in comparison to their northern counterparts. We cannot deny the fact that though different, the delicacies of both North and South India are delicious and famous worldwide.