Snakes are certainly deemed as the most dangerous and most fearsome reptiles in the world. In India, the Hindus respect and worship the reptile as a wearing of Lord Shiva. But, the adoration doesn’t deny the fact that more than 45 thousand people in India die with snakebites every year. India is home to more than two thousand snake species, but most of them are not a possible threat for humans.
However, if you ever stumble on the listed snakes while trekking in India, just remember to step back and run.
5. Common Krait
Common Krait is perhaps the most usually spotted genus of snakes in India. The snake belongs to the Elapidae family and can be noticeably indentified with its characteristically shiny black body with milky white bands. At their birth, a common Krait has a length of about 25 cm but an adult can measure up to 120 cm. however, males have proportionally longer tails and are a bit lengthier than females.
A common Krait has yellowish white belly with reddish or brownish ventral scales. Basically, the whole body is cylindrical with depressed head and rounded snout. The snake has typical small black eyes with brownish upper lip and pink tongue.
The snake can be commonly sighted in grass fields to low scrub jungles and primarily feeds on small animals like rats, lizards and frogs. Habitually nocturnal, the snake can be very aggressive during the night hours and can infuse powerful neurotoxins that can paralyze muscles and even cause death due to respiratory failure.
4. Indian cobra
The snake is largely found in and around the Indian subcontinent and is categorized under the genus Naja of the Elapidae family. Characteristically it distinguishable because of a hood with an obvious spectacle over their neck vertebra, which inflates in case the snake senses a threat.
The Indian Cobra can measure from 2 m to 2.8 m in length and can easily sustain in different terrains. The snake is accountable for maximum snakebite India, stinging nearly 10,000 people every year and most of the incidences occur in rice paddies, which is sadly their favorite hunting ground.
Moreover, the venom of the Indian Cobra consists ofpost-synaptic neurotoxin and cardiotoxin, which is poisonous enough to cause death due to respiratory failure or cardiac arrest.
3. Indian rock python
Commonly known by names like black tailed python or ajgar, Indian rock python has a distinctive black and yellow blotched pattern with obvious brown shades. The snake can reach a length of 2.5 to 3 meters and can be found in every part of the Indian Subcontinent. This includes a wide ranging habitat from the rocky foothills of Himalayas to grasslands to jungle and swamps.
However, this snake species is relatively lethargic but are good swimmers and commonly sighted near river banks. Similar to their relatives back in South Africa, Indian python doesn’t have neurotoxin venom but coils up its prey and kill it by suffocation.
2. Indian Rat Snake
The Indians rat snake belongs to theColubridae family and has a dark long body that can be easily identified with dark patterns and dorsal surface. However, the skin color might vary from pale brown to black is dark forest areas. As its name suggests, the snake loves to feed on rats or mice, but on the contrary is the favorite snack for King Cobra.
The snake is a diurnal species and can survive in the toughest conditions imitate. Moreover, the snake can deceive its competitor as it mimics his enemy King Cobra when threatened brilliantly. Normally, the snake has a slimmer bodyline with a broader head and can have a length of near about 12 feet.
1. King Cobra
Ranked as the world’s longest venomous snake, king cobra is a common spectacle in the Indian forests. On an average, a king cobra can measure anywhere between 3 to 4 m lengthwise and can weigh nearly around 6kgs. Because of their fast and sprightly manners, king cobras are considered as the most dangerous snakes, but evade confrontation with humans.
A King cobra can easily be identified with its typical olive green or black skin shade with pale yellow cross bands. The belly is usually creamish or yellowish in shade. However, the one distinctive feature that distinguishes King Cobra from other snake genus is its massive head size.
King cobras like to munch on smaller snakes that include rat snakes, pythons or even cobras. Moreover, king cobras are highly aggressive and can abruptly strike up to a long distance. They have neurotoxins in their venom and if bitten, the toxin can cause paralysis, cardiovascular collapse and even death due to respiratory failure.