Cerebral Palsy is a term used for people who have a permanent or non progressive movement disorder, which leads to physical disability. It is generally as a result of damage caused at the motor control centre of the brain. The disorder can be caused at the developing stage, i.e., pregnancy or during childbirth or upto 3 years of age.
However, understanding their imparity, many inventions have taken place which eventually gave birth to ‘Assistive technology’ that plays a pivotal role in development in individuals with some or the other disorder. Thanks to them such individuals can very much lead a normal life and do normal things independently. Let us have a look at some of such products which have made life easier for cerebral palsy individuals.
5. Adaptive Tricycle & Trikes
The invention of the tricycle can help cerebral palsy individuals to strengthen their hand eye coordination and helps them control their head and trunk. It can also help them improve respiration and swallowing. Simultaneously it improves their leg strength and allows them to be mobile on their own, hence giving them a chance to socialize with everyone.
4. Augmentative Alternative Communication Devices
Individuals suffering from Cerebral Palsy face issues in speech as a result of spasms in their mouth, tongue and throat. The AAC devices help them overcome this problem by giving them the ability to communicate. The speech therapist can suggest the device basis the requirement and help make a pick from the various range such as non-speech communication boards, static digitalized speech communication device etc. These are extremely helpful and can help build the confidence of such people.
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3. Adaptive Writing Instruments
There are various ways in which a cerebral palsy patient can be pushed for writing. There are various tools available which promotes correct positioning, holding, developing a stronger grip and build the hand coordination. There also is adaptive writing paper which is color coded, are sticky or rough on one side or have larger lines.
To make mobility easier for them, special wheelchairs have been designed which can help them stay active and stay in motion. Because of their lack of physical strength mobility on their own becomes slightly difficult. However such equipments accommodate their wide variety of needs and are designed to ensure accessibility.
1. Standing and Walking Aids
To help in developing the ability to stand and walk, a variety of equipments have been invented. Standing frames helps cerebral palsy individuals to stand independently. Similarly walking aids such as sticks or crutches provides all the support that they need for walking and gait training.