Kolkata is home to many of the oldest schools in India! Most of the schools were established during the British regime in India, notably in the late 18th and the 19th century. They were established by various Christian religious institutions spread throughout the world. Most of them were missionaries propagating Christianity in India. Here are 19 of the oldest schools which are considered to be premiere institutions in the field of education in Kolkata:
19. St. Paul’s Boarding and Day School
It was established in 1912 – relatively late! It functions under the Congregation of the Daughters’ of the Cross, Leige, Belgium. Situated in Kidderpore it is also considered as a premier missionary school.
18. St. Anthony’s High School
A Catholic school for boys, it was established in 1863 and administered by the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Calcutta. It functions under the West Bengal board and is one of the few schools which have English as its medium of instruction under this board.
17. St. Joseph’s College
– A premier ICSE school, it was established in 1829. The school has a huge history of its establishment spearheaded by The Brothers in Calcutta. Now a prestigious institution, the school was a result of much toil and labour by some of these men!
16. United Missionary Girls’ High School
It is a well-known Christian missionary school which was established in 1832. The school has very good performance in academics.
15. St. John’s Diocesan School
The School was founded in 1876 by Miss Angelina Hoare and Miss Milman who named it Diocesan Mission School. The administration of the school was given over to the Sisters of the Community of John the Baptist Convent, Clewer, England and was thus renamed as it is today. It is a highly prestigious girls’ school in Kolkata.
14. Bethune Collegiate School
Established in the year 1849, it is a highly respected girls’ school offering education in the Bengali medium. It is affiliated to the West Bengal Board and holds good academic record.
13. Scottish Church Collegiate School
This was established on the 13th of July 1830 by Alexander Duff, the first overseas Christian missionary from the Church of Scotland. The General Assembly’s Institution in Kolkata founded by him is now known as the Scottish Church Collegiate School! It’s one of the best!
12. Calcutta Girls’ High School
It was established in 1856 as a boarding school under Lord Canning. Headed by American missionaries in the earlier years it is another most preferred school in Kolkata with very good academic record affiliated under the ICSE Board.
11. Calcutta Boys’ School
Established in 1877, it is an all-boys school founded by the Reverend James Mills Thoburn. Being one of the oldest and preferred schools in Kolkata it too boasts of enviable alumni!
10. St. Teresa’s Secondary School
This Catholic school was established by the Daughters’ of the Cross in 1885 with the sole objective of empowering the girl child.
In 1833, Mother Marie Therese Haze founded the Congregation of the Daughters’ of the Cross in Leige, Belgium. Affiliated under the ICSE board it is a premier girls’ school in Kolkata with excellent academic record!
9. Hindu School
Established again by Roy along with David Hare and Radhakanta Deb on the 20th of January 1817, it is a boys’ school and a premier educational institution since its beginning. The school nurtured the minds of several Bengalis who were instrumental in bringing about social welfare.
8. Hare School
This school was established as early as in 1818 by Raja Ram Mohan Roy and David Hare. One of the oldest boys’ schools in Kolkata, it is affiliated to the West Bengal Board of Secondary Education and the West Bengal Council of Higher Secondary Education. It has schooled some of the best Bengali minds!
7. Loreto School
On the 10th of January 1840, the Sisters who were sailed to Kolkata from Ireland began this school with a bunch of sixty girls. It was meant to be set as a school for Catholic children living in Kolkata and is now one of the best girls’ schools in the city.
6. La Martiniere for Boys
Also established in 1836, this is another premiere boys’ school in Kolkata. With a sprawling campus this school boasts of enviable alumni! They too balance academics and extra-curricular activities with élan!
5. La Martiniere for Girls
Established in 1836, this is one of the most prestigious schools not only in the city but in India. It is active in extra-curricular activities along with academics. Hillary Clinton was among the recent guests here! The founder of the school is Claude Martin and the name of the school is shared with his!
4. St. Xavier’s Collegiate School
The Jesuits (missionaries belonging to the order of the Society of Jesus) established this school in 1860. It is affiliated to both – the ICSE board and the West Bengal Board. This is considered to be the best school for boys in the city!
3. St. James’ School
Founded on the 25th of July, 1864, it was inaugurated by the Most Reverend George Edward Cotton, the Bishop of Kolkata. It had to be closed in the year 1904 due to financial crises but was reopened quickly! This is one of the topmost schools in Kolkata on basis of academics. It is also one of the most socially active schools.
2. St. Thomas’ Girls’ School
Situated adjacent to its boys’ counterpart is the girl’s school of St. Thomas’. This was also established in 1789 for the English community in Kolkata. The affairs of the school are controlled by a board of governors which is determined by the St. Thomas’ School Act of 1923. A Christian missionary school affiliated under the ICSE board, it boasts of terrific academic record!
1. St. Thomas’ Boys’ School
Established in 1789, this is the oldest school in Kolkata. Its antecedents can be traced back to 1729 as the Charity School. This tops the list on sheer basis of its age! The sprawling campus is almost equal to the size of 3 football fields! It is affiliated to the ICSE board with students being top scorers.