Vasant Panchami: 8 Ways To Understand The Symbolism Of Goddess Saraswati

According to the Hindu calendar, the beginning of a new year is the mark of spring season and comes somewhere between mid January and mid of February. Hindus call this time period of the year as the month of Magh and celebrate it as Vasant Panchami.

As the season promises prosperity and happiness for the approaching year, the festival is usually fêted as the birthday of the Goddess of wisdom, art and learning, Saraswati. Unfolding her name as the essence of the self, the Hindu mythology states Goddess Saraswati as the daughter of Lord Shiva and Goddesses Durga.

Moreover, Goddess Sawarwati is regarded as the creative power of Lord Brahma and worshiped as the Goddesses of art, science, music and knowledge. Generally, depicted with four arms and a white sari on her body, the Goddess is seated on a white lotus or white swan. Let us know more about the unique symbolism about the goddess of knowledge.


8. A Symphony of Knowledge, Spiritual Vision and Power  

Denoted as the goddess of speech and art, Saraswati is also known as Gayatri, the companion of Lord Brahma and the sister to the Sun God. Moreover, the Goddess précised the spiritual direction of Lord Shiva and excelled the knowledge of spiritual vision. Worshiped as the trinity of Goddess Kali, Goddess Lakshmi and Goddess Durga, Saraswati represents the importance of balance between knowledge and power.


7. The essence of Prosperity, Knowledge and Purity 

As the creativity center for Lord Brahma, Goddess Saraswati emphasizes on the importance of truth and purity in life. The goddess of knowledge is associated with the prosperity, happiness and the power of transformation. Referred as the essence of the self or the human world mother, Goddess Saraswati acts as the right hand to the Lord Shiva.


6. A Better Living Requires Discrimination, Purity and Knowledge

A white swan depicted with Goddess symbolizes the power of discrimination, judgment, purity and the importance of knowledge for a better living. The peacock serves has the vehicle for the Goddess and represents the beauty and fame knowledge brings to the life. The goddess of knowledge resides on a white lotus which denotes the roots of supreme knowledge and reality. Moreover, the white color represents the purity and awareness.


5. Accept Reality as it is and Meditate upon Each Task at Hand at a Time

Rosary: The rare right hand representing the ego holds the rosary signifying the power to notice the reality and the importance of concentration and meditation in life.


4. Source of Knowledge and Noticing the Reality of Life

Vedas: Holding the scared books of Vedas by the rare left hand which symbolizes alertness, the Goddess shows the Vedas the complete source of knowledge and her perfection in all fields.

Basant Panchami


3. Wise are those who perfect their Minds and the Intellect

Venna: While the front right arm represents the mind and left arm symbolizing the intellect, Goddess Saraswati is portrayed with a veena held in front arms. This signifies the importance of mind and intellect for the perfection of arts and science.



2. Four Hands of the Goddess Represent the Mind, Intellect, Awareness and Ego

With the front arms relating to the physical world, Goddess Saraswati keeps her existence with the spiritual world represented by the two back arms. Moreover, the four arms also represent mind, intellect, alertness, and ego which are considered the basic features of human learning. The Goddess is commonly portrayed while the front arms holding Veena and the back arms grab Vedas and rosary.


1.  The Color White Signifies Absolute Purity of the Self

Goddess Saraswati is usually depicted with a white sari, which symbolizes the honesty and purity in her supreme knowledge. The white color signifies the purity of true knowledge and the experience of highest reality. However, during festive celebrations of Vasant Panchami, bright colors of budding fields are related to the Goddess of knowledge.


या कुंदेंदु तुषारहार धवला, या शुभ्र वस्त्रावृता |

या वीणावर दण्डमंडितकरा, या श्वेतपद्मासना ||

या ब्रह्माच्युतशंकरप्रभ्रृतिभिर्देवै: सदा वन्दिता |

सा मां पातु सरस्वती भगवती निःशेष जाड्यापहा ||

शुक्लां ब्रह्मविचार सार परमां आद्यां जगद्व्यापिनीं

वीणा पुस्तक धारिणीं अभयदां जाड्यान्धकारापाहां|

हस्ते स्फाटिक मालीकां विदधतीं पद्मासने संस्थितां

वन्दे तां परमेश्वरीं भगवतीं बुद्धि प्रदां शारदां||

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