Top 10 people who changed the face of Internet
Literally and permanently, Internet has drastically changed the world. It has no alternative, nothing is like it and nothing can replace it. With the passage of time, some noble souls have emerged with innovative and craziest ideas to enhance the potential of Internet. Topyaps is presenting the ten actual faces behind this wide business venture.
10. David Bohnett (GeoCities):
Inventor of a web hosting service, GeoCities, David Bohnett is the man who initiated the online trading between advertisers. This service was started in 1994 but it was bought by Yahoo in 1999 and finally it was shut down in 2009 for encouraging users to use fee-based web hosting service. Bohnett’s academic credentials include a B.S from University of Southern California and an M.B.A. from University of Michigan.
9. Robert Tappan Morris (founder of worm):
A legendary hacker and professor of computer science at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Morris gained the significant attention of mainstream media when he programmed a ‘worm’ in 1988 while studying in Cornell University. Morris was writing a program to calculate the size of the Internet but due to some flaws in code this worm was released.
8. Jarkko Oikarinen (founder of Internet chatting):
Nerd of medical imaging and computer graphics, Jarkko is long-familiar for inventing Internet Relay Chat, the first Internet chat network. He wrote the first server and client program of IRC in 1988 while working in the Department of Information Processing Science in University of Oulu. Inspired from the Bitnet Relay chat system, he continued his work for several years with the assistance of Darren Reed, who helped him in co-authoring the IRC protocol.
7. Marc Andreessen (Netscape Navigator):
One of the most outsized icon of the Internet phenomenon, Marc is a multi-millionaire software engineer better known for establishing Netscape Navigator, the widely-used web browser. He also serves as the board of directors of Facebook, HP and eBay. After graduating in computer science from the the University of Illinois, he joined the National Center for Supercomputing Applications and founded the Mosaic web browser along with his friends. This browser was later renamed Netscape Navigator whose code is still used in Mozilla.
6. Scott Fahlman (the first smiley emoticon):
The master technocrat of semantic networks, neural networks and cascade correlation algorithm, Fahlman is well known for originating smiley emoticons. He got his bachelor’s degree, master’s degree as well as Ph.D. from MIT and currently he is a computer scientist at Carnegie Mellon University.
5. Gary Thuerk (father of spam):
Gary says “people have one of three reactions when they meet him: some are excited to meet someone with an unusual claim to fame; some want to beat him up on the spot; and others just avoid him like the plague.” While working as a marketing manager for Digital Equipment Corporation, Thurek shoot a mail to 600 ARPAnet members in one click. However he was criticized for promoting his work in this manner but later this invention transported him in Guinness World Records.
4. Michael Stern Hart (the man behind eBooks):
A dropout of University of Illinois, Michael Hart is the mind behind free distribution of electronic books over Internet. In 1971, he founded the ‘Project Gutenberg’ which is the oldest digital library as well as the first Internet information site of the world.
3. Ray Tomlinson (inventor of Email):
One of the most celebrated alumni of MIT, Ray Tomlinson invented a software in 1971 that allowed messages to be transmitted between computers. He also gave birth to the “@” symbol which is used to separate the user name and host in an email address. The text of first email was “something like QWERTYUIOP”, which was sent by Tomlinson from one computer to another sitting right beside.
2. Tim Berners-Lee (inventor of www and HTTP):
The great grandfather of Internet, Sir Timothy John “Tim” Bernere-Lee is a computer scientist who is credited with inventing the world wide web along with successfuly establishing a connection between the HTTP client and server via the Internet. A graduate of Oxford, Sir Lee is the director of World Wide Web Consortium and also serves as an essential pillar of MIT Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory. For his groundbreaking contribution in Internet arena, he was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II.
1. Vinton Cerf and Bob Kahn (TCP/IP):
Robert Kahn, along with Vinton Cerf, is a co-designer of the TCP/IP Internet network protocol. Kahn set the open architecture groundwork for the TCP/IP protocol, supplying the Internet with one of its most distinguishing features and what has turned out to be an important advantage. Together, Kahn and Cerf wrote their now-famous paper, “A Protocol for Packet Network Intercommunication.” The two produced what became the interlanguage of the Net (TCP/IP) which has been used to send information over the Internet ever since.