TopYaps brings the top 10 historical places among the best which not only emphasizes the human history but also its civilization. The world is encompassed with marvellous things to witness – both natural and man-made. Among one such wonderful things are the great historical sites built by ancient civilizations. In fact, there are so many of them that it is hard to just narrow it down. Every year these places are jammed with people from various corner of the world just to explore the site and we think perhaps every explorer/traveller should try to visit these beauties at least once in a lifetime.
10. Colosseum (Italy):
Remnants of an empire that once managed the “celebrated” world, the site is incredible not only for its exquisiteness but also for its age and history. You stand at the same spot where once Caesar walked and watch the same subterranean passageways where gladiators once battled. The Colosseum has gradually disintegrated all through the ages and much of it is restricted now, particularly the basement and floors but even then it leaves an amazing impression on the spectator. Once you visit this spectacular Roman Empire site, you’ll know why it attracts more than 4 million visitors annually. Indeed, Colosseum is among one of the eminent historical places in the world which you should visit at least once in your life.
(img source: destination360.com)
9. Christ The Redeemer (Brazil):
Although the statue of Christ the Redeemer is the latest heritage site in the list, it encompasses huge historical significance to be in the 9th position. Situated at the peak of the 700 m Corcovado mountain in the Tijuca Forest National Park, the statue has become a symbol of Rio de Janeiro and Brazil. This 39.6 m gigantic statue of Jesus Christ is regarded as the largest Art Deco statue in the world. Constructed between 1922 and 1931 with soapstone and reinforced concrete, the statue is an icon of Brazilian Christianity. Whether you are a follower of Christianity or not, you just can’t deny the comforting feeling you get from the statue.
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8. Easter Island (Chile):
Situated out in the Pacific Ocean, Easter Island is an isolated island in a particular territory of Chile. It holds Moai statues that are the last and only thing left of the civilization that once existed here. These massive and astonishingly carved heads are a great reminder that prehistoric people were not really all that primeval. The beautiful carved stones that magnetize visitors to this isolated island are made up of volcanic ash. Many of them are still un-dug which were apparently left by the colonizers as reducing resources on the island compelled their tribes to war that eventually killed them off. A list of historical places without mentioning the name of Easter Island is straightforwardly futile.
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7. Tikal (Guatemala):
This Mayan town-state, a dominant force in the Mayan world, is one of the biggest and finest preserved ruins of the pre-Columbian civilization. Placed in Guatemala, this archaeological site lets you encounter the calmness of the beautiful jungle. Calm and very serene, it is one of the those beautiful historical places that you’ll love to explore. Easily accessible from Belize, a neighboring place, Tikal surely deserves your two days to experience its richness and beautiful landscapes and views, especially the sunrise from a temple top.
(img source: flickriver.com)
6. Acropolis (Greece):
This high city of Athens is no doubt the best of its kind in the world. Located on a 150 m tall rock, the sight from this beautiful place is magical. However, the amazing attractions are the archaeological remnants in the three hectare surface area. Though adding Acropolis in the list would be unfair as it consists of 21 historic sites including the legendary 2500 year old temple, “Parthenon” but the ancient Greek city as a whole definitely can’t be given a miss.
(img source: guardian.co.uk)
5. Stonehenge (United Kingdom):
An icon of the western world, Stonehenge placed near Salisbury, England is one of the greatest mysteries of the world. The megalithic site has dozens of myths as to how old the monument is, who built it and what was its function. The structure is over 3,000 years old and has the stones from Wales. However, researchers are still uncertain, how the builders got the stones from Wales. Counted among one of the most stunning historical places in the world, Stonehenge is worth visiting for all the mysteries that it holds.
(img source: gizmodo.com)
4. Persepolis (Iran):
Darius, the Persian ruler in 515 BC needed a ceremonial capital. This resulted in the creation of one of the great citadels of all times, Persepolis. It comprises of various monumental buildings on a big artificial stone terrace about 1,480 by 1,000 ft. A wide and shallow double staircase was constructed for horses to climb from the plains to the top of the terrace. Also, the head of the staircase is encompassed with the Gate of Xerxes, a gatehouse safeguarded by huge carved stone bulls.
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3. Machu Picchu (Peru):
Situated in southern Peru, this mesmerizing city is located on a mountaintop that’s only reachable by train or four day trek. A very significant cultural hub for the Inca civilization, it was deserted when the Spanish arrived. Famously referred as the “Lost City of the Incas”, the historic site was also included in the new seven wonders of the world in 2007. The incredible architecture makes this last authentic monument in the world truly magnificent.
(img source: culturefocus.com)
2. Petra (Jordan):
Petra (rock) is an archaeological and historical city in Jordan well-known for its water conduit system and rock cut architecture. Established in around the 6th century BC as the capital city of the Nabataeans, the site was abandoned during Roman rule in the late 4th century. Located among the mountains of Arabah (The great valley running from the Dead Sea to the Gulf of Aqaba) along the slope of Mount Hor, Petra is the icon of Jordan and one of the most visited historical places in the world. It is recently named as one of the seven wonders of the world and has also been a part of the UNESCO world heritage site.
(img source: atlastours.net)
1. The Great Pyramid of Giza (Egypt):
The oldest of the seven wonders of the world and the only one that is still in the list, the Great Pyramid of Giza deserves every bit of its eminence. The 140 m height along with 6 million tons weight, makes the monument one of the most spectacular man made structures of all the time. Tourist are allowed to enter the pyramid through Robbers Tunnel, which apparently was used to loot all the treasures in the pyramid during 820AD. An icon of Egypt, you surely cannot miss the wonderful monument during your visit in Egypt.