The following list dwells around ten female Prime Ministers who faced all of the challenges that a woman face but they remarkably escalated to blossom on the peak of political platform. The traditional culture always oppress the rights of women but these ladies were determined to trespass the norms by making their own domain, their own success stories.
10. Iveta Radičová (Slovakia):
Widow of an eminent Slovak comedian, Iveta Radičová is considered as a firebrand member of Slovak Democratic and Christian Union – Democratic Party, who later became the first female Prime Minister of Slovakia in 2010. An alumni of Comenius University and University of Oxford, she had also worked as a sociologist as well as an executive director for her self-established NGO. She has been widely admired by the mainstream media for her role in re-establishing the healthy relationships between Slovakia and Hungary
that were spoiled by the previous government of Robert Fico.
9. Milka Planinc (Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia):
A prominent leader of the Communist Party in Croatia, Milka Planinc is considered as the first female Prime Minister
in the history of real socialism who headed her country from 1982-1986. Under Milka’s premiership, her cabinet enforced suppressive economic measures to modulate external debt of SFRY. She is widely appreciated by her civilians to dignify her nation’s value on international political platform.
8. Mary Eugenia Charles (Dominicia):
Longest serving Prime Minister of Dominica and the second female Prime Minister of Caribbean region, Mary Charles was the founding member of the Dominica Freedom Party. Apart from being a PM from 1980 to 1995, she also worked as a chairperson for the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States
(OECS). She came to prominence after supporting the United States invasion of Grenada in which Grenadian Prime Minister, Maurice Bishop was arrested and executed.
7. Khaleda Zia (Bangladesh):
Second Muslim female Prime Minister of the world and first female Prime Minister of Bangaldesh (1991-1996 and 2001-2006), Begum Khaleda Zia is the widow of Ziaur Rahman, former army chief and founder of Bangladesh Nationalist Party. During her regime, she fueled some significant advancements including: food for education program
, free and mandatory primary education as well as stipend for female students. Along with sharpening the education sector with highest budgetary allocation, she also played a substantial role in reviving the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC).
6. Benazir Bhutto (Pakistan):
A visionary politician and a lady of sheer determination, Benazir Bhutto
was the first woman Prime Minister of any Muslim state, better known for eradicating dictatorship and instituting democracy in Pakistan. From 1988-1990 and 1993-1996, she chaired the Prime Ministership of Pakistan and changed the Pakistani air by enhancing modernization in society and stimulating nationalist reformation. On December 27, 2007, she was killed in an open firing and detonations while delivering a spirited speech to the members of Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) in Rawalpindi.
5. Golda Meir (Israel):
Better known as the “Iron Lady of the Middle East
“, Golda Meir was earlier a teacher who became the fourth Prime Minister of her nation on March 17, 1969. She was a lead member of Mapai, a left-wing political party in Israel. During her premiership, she met with top-notch world leaders to promote peace and harmony in Middle East
. After the 1972 Munich massacre, she appealed the world to condemn this heinous crime but due to the lack of global action, this lady went ferocious and ordered the Mossad to wipe out every single culprit involved in assassinating Israeli players. This lady actualized the entire world that what happens to those who have wicked mentality against Israel.
4. Helen Elizabeth Clark (New Zealand):
Prime Minister of New Zealand for three times from 1998 to 2008, Helen Clark is currently the Administrator of the United Nations Development Programme
. After completing her studies from the University of Auckland, she joined the Labour Party and eventually in 1981, she succeeded to enter in the New Zealand House of Representatives. An expert of international affairs and social policy, Clark is also known for stimulating feminism in various sectors of society. She was also awarded by the United Nations to promoting sustainability initiatives.
3. Sirimavo Bandaranaike (Sri Lanka):
Credited for being the world’s first female Prime Minister, Sirimavo Ratwatte Dias Bandaranaike was the widow of assassinated Prime Minister, Solomon Bandarnaike. A top-notch member of Sri Lanka Freedom Party, Mrs. B. (called by her fellows), escalated the education, economy and banking sectors of Sri Lanka that were taking last breath for existence before her premiership. Because of her international standing and skillful foreign policies
, she was backed up by numerous heads of state.
2. Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi (India):
In the list of eminent female Prime Ministers, Indira Gandhi is a diamond, who, as of 2011, is the longest serving female Prime Minister of the world. From 1966-1977 and from 1980-1984, Indira Gandhi contributed significantly to heighten the miserable condition of rural population of India. During her premiership, India’s population living below the poverty line was reduced to 45% which was about 65%, erstwhile. Her successors are still ruling the Indian political arena on her name, despite of their creepy acts
. This visionary of today’s blooming India was assassinated on October 31, 1984, by two of her bodyguards at the Prime Minister’s residence.
1. Margaret Thatcher (United Kingdom):
The soundest resident of “10 Downing Street” and an epitome of the term “politics,” Margaret Hilda Thatcher
, headed the United Kingdom from 1979 to 1990. She is credited for restoring the perturbed economy of Britain as well as re-establishing her country as a world power by implementing sophisticated political parameters. Her policies generated the term “Thatcherism” which deals with nationalism, moral absolutism and an inflexible overture to gain political goals.