A small wader bird that is found mostly in Russia and Southeast Asia, the spoon-billed sandpiper shifted from endangered to critically endangered once it was found that fewer than 2000 specimens of the species existed.
The main threat to the survival of this bird species is the loss of breeding grounds. There have been attempts to reclaim some of the land needed by these birds in South Korea and China. In Burma, it was found that bird trappers were the main reason behind the decline in the sandpiper numbers.
To help in the conservation of the bird, India has protected its staging and wintering areas in Point Calimere, Tamil Nadu and Chilka Lake, Odisha. There are also two protected areas in China.
Like other long-distance migratory birds, spoon-billed sandpipers need intertidal habitats to help in their migration. To help with this, parts of the Yellow Sea areas are being reclaimed for the birds. It is not only for the sandpiper but also for other migratory birds that we must ensure their natural habitats remain undisturbed.