The President of India is but a titular head. Nevertheless, he enjoys a vast range of powers and is required to perform a long list of duties and ceremonies. The President has 5 types of powers which are: legislative, executive, military, diplomatic and judicial.
Here’s a look at what these powers are.
Considered the head of the state, the President is the final authority in making these appointments. The constitution also grants the power of removal of these state authorities to the President.
26th Jan 1950-13th May 1962 bp.blogspot
A parliament session opens with the President’s joint address to the two houses, Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha. And when the two houses are at loggerheads, the President has the authority to call a joint session to break the impasse.
Since India’s independence in 1947, many new states have been created, boundaries have changed and even names of some states have changed. All this has been done under the powers enjoyed by the President as it is only after his approval that the change comes into effect.
13th May 1962-13th May 1967 wikimedia
The power of passing budgets, imposing or withdrawing taxes and other bills that involve financial implications don’t become effective unless the President approves and signs the legislation enacted by parliament.
The constitution grants powers to the President to disagree with Parliament over non-financial bills.
To register his disagreement, the President can return the bill to parliament for reconsideration. Should parliament pass the bill for a second time, the President has no choice but to approve and sign it.
The President has no power to block or return a financial bill passed by parliament.
13th May 1967-3th May 1969 muslimissues
By virtue of this position, it is in name of the President of India that appointments of chiefs of army, air force and navy, and all other designations are made..
It is the President who has the power to declare war with another country. Any peace accord arrived at is also done in the name of the President.
3rd May 1969-20th Jul 1969 inmemoryglobal
It is under the President’s signature that all Ambassadors and High Commissioners take charge of missions and embassies in foreign countries. All treaties and agreements with other nations are also made on behalf of President of India.
The President has powers that can override a judicial verdict where a death sentence has been handed to a person after a fair trial. The President can commute a death sentence it into life imprisonment, when a mercy plea is made to him.
20th Jul 1969-24th Aug 1969 thehindu
Only after that is it presented to the Parliament.
25th Jul 2007-25 Jul 2012 sify
24th Aug 1974-11th Feb 1977 bp.blogspot
The threat could be internal security or external dangers, the constitution empowers the President to declare a state of Emergency in the country. In an Emergency, the Fundamental Rights of citizens remain suspended.
25th Jul 2002-25th Jul 2007 intoday
This power has never been exercised by any President of India but they have the authority to announce stringent fiscal measures for tiding over a looming financial crisis that the nation may be facing.
11th Feb 1977-25th Jul 1977 vicepresidentofindia
Upon recommendations of the Prime Minister and his council of ministers, the President can suspend or dismiss an elected state government and impose President’s rule in that state. Under President’s rule, the Governor of the state assumes all executive powers to govern the state on behalf of the President.
25th Jul 1997-25th Jul 2002 economist
25 July 1977-25 July 1982 astrosage
The President can nominate a limited number of eminent people, for a limited term to parliament (Rajya Sabha). This power has been granted to give representation to intellectuals, creative personalities and marginalized sections, who otherwise may never contest or be able to win an election.
25th Jul 1992-25th Jul 1997 188.8.131.52
The constitution of India does not bind the President by a time limit in which he has to sign a bill passed by a state or central government. She/he can desk veto a bill by sitting on it indefinitely.
25th Jul 1982-25th Jul 1987 iaslic1955
No authority, judicial or executive can question the President’s power over it.
25th Jul 2012-Till now thehansindia
25th Jul 1987-25th Jul 1992 presidentvenkataraman
The President is protected by the Constitution from being prosecuted in any court, the matter may be criminal or civilian. No judicial or executive power can order the arrest of the President.