30 Minimalist Posters Explaining Every Philosophy You Wanted To Understand

These simple yet complete analysis of some complex philosophies are creations of graphic artist Genis Carreras. You may purchase the entire (a total of over 40 prints) here.

For those who are viewing this on their tablets or smartphones, we have written the meaning of each philosophy in brackets above its respective poster.


1. (The philosophical view that the world, and human existence in particular, is without existence, meaning, purpose, truth or value.)




2. (The view that physical events have effects on mental processes, but that mental processes have no physical effect whatsoever.)




3. (In ethics, the belief that certain acts are objectively right or wrong.)




4. (A system of ethics concerned with negotiating the gradual improvement of the human condition that is occuring due to advances in technology.)




5. (The principle that emotional and physical self-control leads to inner peace and strength, allowing one to live a happier life.)




6. (The absence of belief that gods or deities exist.)




7. (A state of mind in which one believes only the worst to be possible; the philosophical view that the world is as bad as can be.)




8. (A range of views that oppose the idea of the state as a means of governance, instead advocating a society based on non-hierarchical relationships.)




9. (The theory that to understand a historical event, you must understand the philosophical context that it took place in, rather than explain it with supposedly timeless or fundamental ideas.)




10. (A political ideology that holds that all people should be treated as equals.)




11. (The lack of belief in senseless or sincere human qualities, such as altruism, honesty or virtue, believing instead that people are driven only by self-interest.)




12. (The idea that all philosophical thought must begin with the experiences of the individual, and it is up to the individual to give meaning and authenticity to their own existence.)




13. (A range of social and moral philosophies concerned with the experiences of women in society, most often with the intent of eradicating gender inequality.)




14. (The philosophical view that asserts that reality is fundamentally based on, and shaped by, ideas and mental experience, rather than material force.)




15. (The conviction that all concepts within the world fundamentally consist of two contrasting qualities, such as good and evil, or body and mind.)




16. (The theory that human reason can be the source of all knowledge.)




17. (A view that places emphasis on the group over the individual, often holding the belief that the “greater good” of the group is more important than the good of any individual within it.)




18. (The practice and principle of using actions to benefit others, expecting nothing in return.)




19. (The assertion that all individual ethical judgements are purely expressions of one’s own attitude intended to change the actions or attitudes of others.)




20. (The contention that the attempts of man to find meaning in the universe will ultimately fail because no such meaning exists.)




21. (The conviction that the existence of human beings is the central reason for the universe’s existence.)




22. (The ethical position that pleasure is the ultimate goal and greatest good, and should be the central aim of all decisions made.)




23. (The proposition that all events, including those of human thoughts, are casually determined by an unbroken chain of prior events.)




24. (A conceptual approach that does not stick to a single paradigm or set of assumptions, but instead draws upon multiple theories or styles to gain a more varied or balanced insight into something.)




25. (The view that reality, and the methods we use to understand it, are man-made, subjective constructions rather than an objective reading of events.)




26. (A system of ethics that evaluates actions in terms of their capacity to produce happiness.)




27. (A view of how scientific knowledge should be acquired – by first proposing a hypothesis, then attempting to prove it wrong through empirical tests on observable data.)




28. (The view that nature and God are the same thing; that everything in the universe is of an all-encompassing God.)




29. (The belief that our main efforts in life should be focused on creating and enjoying beauty, in all its forms.)




30. (Historically, the philosophical position that this is the best of all possible worlds, more often used to describe a cheerful or positive worldview.)




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