The rising population of India is putting pressure on the natural resources and encroaching on the natural habitats of many species. All over the country fragile ecosystems are being destroyed to fulfill the basic needs of the general population. In the last century so many species of animals, birds and reptiles have vanished without any records. Some are on the verge of extinction if no steps are taken to conserve them. We all should do our bit in order to save the environment and its natural beings, or our next generation will only see them in zoos or sometime in Pictionary’s. Let’s read about some species that are on the verge of extinction –
7. Namdapha Flying Squirrel
The scientific name of this squirrel is Biswamoyopterus biswasi, and is nocturnal in its nature. It is on the verge of disappearing because its habitat is decreasing at an alarming rate. It is being hunted for skin, fur and food. There are no records of the population after 1981. It was last sighted in 2002.
6. Indian Gharial
The scientific name of this crocodile is Gavialis gangeticus and it survives by eating fish. The polluted rivers are causing a steep decline in its population. The fish are dying and so are the gharials.
5. The Red Head Vulture
The scientific name of this vulture is Sarcogypscalvus. It is also called the Indian Black Vulture and the Asian King Vulture. The vulture tops the list of the most endangered species in this country. The wide spread usage of NSAID Diclofenac is the main culprit for the decreasing population.In the last decade a few conscious citizens are running a campaign in order to save the vulture.
4. Asiatic Lion
The scientific name of this cat is Panthera leo persica. It is a subspecies of the main cat family and hasonly been reported in Gujarat. The last records put the numbers at 420. Since only a single population is left they are at a risk of natural calamities like epidemic and fires. The population has been under a number of attacks from poachers in the last decade. Since the tigers are under close scrutiny the poachers are making a kill of these lions. WE have lost a few lions to drowning in the well too.
3. Kashmir Stag
The scientific name of stag is Cervus canadensis hanglu. They have always been recorded in Jammu and Kashmir and the last records put their number at 150. It’s a beautiful animal that likes to live in peace, cold and tranquility. At the start of the 20th century their number was recorded at 5000. But in today’s time they face a major threat from destruction of their habitat, over grazing of pastures by other domestic livestock and poachers. Losing this beautiful animal for these petty reasons is such a shame.
2. Malabar large-spotted Civet
The scientific name of this small mammal is Viverra Civettina. It is a native of the Western Ghats and they are today estimated to be less than 250. The habitat of this tiny animal has been destructed at an alarming speed. They have also been hunted in large numbers. Ayurvedic physicians have been rearing civets in order to obtain civetone from them. Civetone is an aromatic oil produced in the scent gland.
1. Pygmy Hog
The scientific name of this pig is Porcula salvania. It has been primarily reported in Assam. The last recorded numbers were at 150. The local political unrest has caused total ignorance of this species by the authorities. The species is on the verge of extinction due to lack of public support. It is also called the smallest pig of the world.